David Elliott • September 2013
Renewable energy is a fast expanding field, welcomed by many as part of the answer to climate...
Renewable energy is a fast expanding field, welcomed by many as part of the answer to climate change and energy security concerns. But can renewables deliver? This book reviews the basic technological options and what is happening around the world, so as to convey the sense of excitement that abounds in this new area of technological development. But it also looks at the problems, including local environmental impacts and the need to deal with the variability of some renewable energy sources.
Online ISBN: 978-0-750-31040-6 Print ISBN: 978-0-750-31041-3
David K Ferry • September 2013
As we settle into this second decade of the twenty-first century, it is evident that the advances...
David K Ferry
As we settle into this second decade of the twenty-first century, it is evident that the advances in micro-electronics have truly revolutionized our day-to-day lifestyle. The technology is built upon semiconductors, materials in which the band gap has been engineered for special values suitable to the particular application. This book, written specifically for a one semester course for graduate students, provides a thorough understanding of the key solid state physics of semiconductors. It describes how quantum mechanics gives semiconductors unique properties that enabled the micro-electronics revolution, and sustain the ever-growing importance of this revolution.
Online ISBN: 978-0-750-31044-4 Print ISBN: 978-0-750-31045-1
Leonid P Yaroslavsky • July 2014
This is an unusual book. It is a book of exercises, exercises in digital imaging engineering...
Leonid P Yaroslavsky
This is an unusual book. It is a book of exercises, exercises in digital imaging engineering, one of the most important and rapidly developing branches of modern information technology. Studying digital imaging engineering, mastering this profession and working in the area is not possible without obtaining practical skills based on fundamental knowledge in the subject. The current book is aimed at providing technical support for this. It contains exercises on all major topics of digital imaging for students, researchers in experimental sciences and, generally, all practitioners in imaging engineering.
Online ISBN: 978-0-750-31050-5 Print ISBN: 978-0-750-31051-2
Joel Yuen-Zhou... • September 2014
This book provides a self-contained introduction to quantum process tomography and nonlinear spectroscopy, which underlie the study...
This book provides a self-contained introduction to quantum process tomography and nonlinear spectroscopy, which underlie the study of excited state dynamics in molecular aggregates, such as photosynthetic complexes.
Online ISBN: 978-0-750-31062-8 Print ISBN: 978-0-750-31063-5
Robert K Tyson • August 2014
'All of optics is Fourier optics!' While this statement may not be literally true...
Robert K Tyson
'All of optics is Fourier optics!' While this statement may not be literally true, when there is one basic mathematical tool to explain light propagation and image formation, with both coherent and incoherent light, as well as thousands of practical everyday applications of the fundamentals, Fourier optics is worth studying. This book contains summaries of the principles of Fourier optics that have been developed over the past hundred years and of many applications over the past fifty years, especially since the invention of the laser. This book is intended as a series of guideposts to improve our world through the applications of Fourier optics.
Online ISBN: 978-0-750-31056-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-750-31057-4
A K Chaudhuri • September 2014
Relativistic heavy ion collision is a fascinating field of research. In recent years, the field has seen...
A K Chaudhuri
Relativistic heavy ion collision is a fascinating field of research. In recent years, the field has seen an unprecedented level of progress. A new state of matter, deconfined quarkgluon plasma (QGP), was predicted. An accelerator was built to detect this new state of matter. Experiments were performed and the discovery of the 'most perfect fluid' was made. Conclusive identification of the most perfect fluid state with the deconfined state has yet to be achieved. One of the impediments towards such identification is the fundamental property of the strong interaction, the 'color confinement', i.e. the constituents of the theory, the 'colored' quarks and gluons, are confined within a hadron. Any information about the deconfined state must be amassed from the color-neutral hadrons. And yet the process by which colored building blocks convert into a color singlet state is not properly understood. This necessitates model building. To young researchers, the field poses a problem in that it is multi-disciplinary , requiring knowledge of thermodynamics, statistical physics, kinetic theory, group theory, quantum chromodynamics (QCD), etc. The complexity of heavy ion collisions has necessarily led to a proliferation of models, e.g. the thermal model, blast wave model hydrodynamic model and models based on transport equations, etc, the physics of which need to be understood.
Online ISBN: 978-0-750-31060-4 Print ISBN: 978-0-750-31061-1
Eugene Butikov • October 2014
This book is written for a wide range of graduate and undergraduate students studying various courses in physics...
This book is written for a wide range of graduate and undergraduate students studying various courses in physics and astronomy. It is accompanied by the award winning educational software package 'Planets and Satellites' developed by the author. This text, together with the interactive software, is intended to help students learn and understand the fundamental concepts and the laws of physics as they apply to the fascinating world of the motions of natural and artificial celestial bodies. The primary aim of the book is the understanding of the foundations of classical and modern physics, while their application to celestial mechanics is used to illustrate these concepts. The simulation programs create vivid and lasting impressions of the investigated phenomena, and provide students and their instructors with a powerful tool which enables them to explore basic concepts that are difficult to study and teach in an abstract conventional manner. Students can work with the text and software at a pace they can enjoy, varying parameters of the simulated systems. Each section of the textbook is supplied with questions, exercises, and problems. Using some of the suggested simulation programs, students have an opportunity to perform interesting mini-research projects in physics and astronomy.
Online ISBN: 978-0-750-31100-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-750-31101-4
Rodrigo Caballero • November 2014
With the increasing attention paid to climate change, there is ever-growing interest in atmospheric physics...
With the increasing attention paid to climate change, there is ever-growing interest in atmospheric physics and the processes by which the atmosphere affects Earth's energy balance. This self-contained text, written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in physics or meteorology, assumes no prior knowledge apart from basic mechanics and calculus and contains material for a complete course. Augmented with worked examples, the text considers all aspects of atmospheric physics except dynamics, including moist thermodynamics, cloud microphysics, atmospheric radiation and remote sensing, and will be an invaluable resource for students and researchers.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1052-9 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1053-6
Philip G Ratcliffe • December 2014
This volume is based on lecture notes prepared for an introductory course on the Phenomenology of Elementary Particles...
Philip G Ratcliffe
This volume is based on lecture notes prepared for an introductory course on the Phenomenology of Elementary Particles, held within the framework of the master's equivalent degree course in physics. The notes have been augmented and edited with the aim of being as up-to-date and self-contained as is reasonably possible and therefore of more general utility. The volume is thus primarily intended for use by students with a basic knowledge of classical electromagnetism, quantum mechanics and special relativity but not necessarily, for example, of quantum field theory. However, it should also represent a useful reference text and study aid for other similar courses. A number of appendices have been included to include certain more advanced topics in quantum mechanics such as relativistic wave equations, isospin and quantum oscillation; the appendix on scattering takes the reader through the development of the formalism from elastic electron-proton scattering up to deeply inelastic scattering, covering also the technique of partial-wave expansion and the Breit-Wigner resonance formalism.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1072-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1073-4
Malcolm Sperrin... • December 2014
Science and medicine have long been close partners. This is particularly true in radiology where the availability ...
Science and medicine have long been close partners. This is particularly true in radiology where the availability of imaging techniques is central to diagnosis. However, science is far more than just providing a vehicle for understanding an imaging or therapeutic process. An understanding of the science underlying a process enables the right person to develop new techniques, understand imaging limitations and develop a portfolio of research. A knowledge of scientific principles is also mandated as a result of a need to understand best and safest practice. It is no surprise therefore that radiologists are obliged to study and pass physics exams. Such exams do present a considerable challenge and the authors of this work have set about creating a volume which is intended to be an educational resource and not just a pre-exam 'crammer'. Both authors have considerable experience in teaching, supporting and examining in medical science and have developed an awareness of where those sitting professional exams have traditionally struggled. This text is a distillation of that experience.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1058-1 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1059-8
David Tom-nek • February 2014
"Buckyball, onion, nanobud, peapod - what are these buzzwords about?" was a question posed to me many times ...
"Buckyball, onion, nanobud, peapod - what are these buzzwords about?" was a question posed to me many times over the last decade or two. This concise glossary is designed to provide the first answer to these and similar questions, and be a guide through the jungle of the jargon that has evolved in the busy field of carbon nanostructures. It does not provide a complete review of the nanocarbon field nor should it be mistaken for a textbook. The main intention is to provide useful information about keywords and explain basic concepts in nanocarbon science to all interested parties.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05273-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05272-6
Minoru Fujimoto • March 2014
Nonlinear physics is a well-established discipline in physics today, and this book offers a comprehensive account...
Nonlinear physics is a well-established discipline in physics today, and this book offers a comprehensive account of the basic soliton theory and its applications. Although primarily mathematical, the theory for nonlinear phenomena in practical environments needs to be understood at upper undergraduate level, with particular attention given to the presence of media where nonlinearity takes place. This book addresses mathematical theories, but also suggests possible theoretical innovations for many issues, providing a stimulating reference for both students and researchers.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05276-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05275-7
Jeffrey H Williams • March 2014
Weights and measures form an essential part of our ingrained view of the world. It is just...
Jeffrey H Williams
Weights and measures form an essential part of our ingrained view of the world. It is just about impossible to function effectively without some internalized system of measurement. In this volume, I outline a history of the science of measurement, and the origin of the International System of Units ('SI'). The simplicity and coherence of the Metric System is outlined, and we see how a system of weights and measures, based on only seven fundamental quantities, can be used as the basis of all science. We will soon witness a redefinition of four of the seven fundamental quantities upon which the SI is based. This change in how we all define a number of fundamental quantities will not be subject to any discussion or appeal, humanity will be presented with a fait accompli. What will this mean for us?
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05279-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05278-8
Marco Lanzagorta • June 2014
One of the major scientific thrusts in recent years has been to try to harness quantum phenomena ...
One of the major scientific thrusts in recent years has been to try to harness quantum phenomena to increase dramatically the performance of a wide variety of classical information processing devices. In particular, it is generally accepted that quantum computers and communication systems promise to revolutionize our information infrastructure.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05330-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05329-7
Ajit J Thakkar • June 2014
This book is designed to help the non-specialist user of spectroscopic measurements and electronic structure computations ...
Ajit J Thakkar
This book is designed to help the non-specialist user of spectroscopic measurements and electronic structure computations to achieve a basic understanding of the underlying concepts of quantum chemistry. The book can be used to teach introductory quantum chemistry to second-or third-year undergraduates either as a stand-alone one-semester course or as part of a physical chemistry or materials science course. Researchers in related fields can use the book as a quick introduction or refresher.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05416-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05417-1
Thomas Pruschke • July 2014
This book will introduce advanced concepts and topics of solid-state theory. To this end we need...
This book will introduce advanced concepts and topics of solid-state theory. To this end we need a tool box that enables us to treat electron-electron interactions, and possibly also electron-phonon or phonon-phonon interactions in some well-defined, approximate way. The most advanced, yet still feasible approach, is the Green's function technique and the perturbation expansion using Feynman diagrams. This technique allows the interacting system to be treated as 'solid' within well-characterizable approximations, still widely used today, but also provides the language used in modern computer-based simulations as well as for the interpretation of experiments.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05328-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05327-3
Antonio Sergio Teixeira Pires • June 2014
The goal of this text is to introduce, in a very elementary way, the concept of anti-de Sitter...
Antonio Sergio Teixeira Pires
The goal of this text is to introduce, in a very elementary way, the concept of anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence to condensed matter physicists. This theory relates a gravity theory in a (d+1)-dimensional anti-de Sitter space time to a strongly coupled d-dimensional quantum field theory living on its boundary. The AdS/CFT correspondence can be used to study finite temperature real time processes, such as response functions and dynamics far from equilibrium in quantum critical points in condensed matter systems. Computation of these quantities is reduced to solving classical gravitational equations in one higher dimension than the original theory.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05309-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05308-2
David L Andrews • September 2014
This book aims to provide a fresh, photon-based description of modern molecular spectroscopy and photophysics...
David L Andrews
This book aims to provide a fresh, photon-based description of modern molecular spectroscopy and photophysics, with applications that are drawn from across the breadth of chemistry, biology, physics and materials science, including recent developments. In contrast to many older, established textbooks, this approach dwells less on detailed accounts of theory and instrumentation. Instead, the focus is on the mechanisms that operate at the fundamental level, on how light absorption and scattering occur in molecules, and what happens to the energy which the molecules acquire. Mathematics is kept to a minimum and the required knowledge of calculus seldom extends beyond recognizing the meaning of derivatives and integrals. Quantitative understanding is nevertheless put into practice in example calculations which pepper the text; SI units are used throughout. With the aid of extensive, purposely devised illustrations, this approach aims to foster a deeper intuition for the photophysical processes involved in light?matter interaction, aiming to consolidate the principles and to exemplify how widely ranging information can be derived from spectroscopic study.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05288-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05287-0
David C Johnston • September 2014
The van der Waals mean-field theory of fluids was formulated by van der Waals in 1873...
David C Johnston
The van der Waals mean-field theory of fluids was formulated by van der Waals in 1873 and augmented by Maxwell in 1875. It is the first theory that predicts a phase transition from interactions between particles. However, the thermodynamic properties of fluids (gases or liquids) derived from the van der Waals equation of state and free energy have not been thoroughly studied previously. This book is a comprehensive exposition of the thermodynamic properties of the van der Waals fluid, which includes a review of past work together with presentation the author's recent extensive studies. The main goal of the book is to provide a graphical overview of the many interesting and diverse thermodynamic properties of the van der Waals fluid through plots of these properties versus various independent parameters. The data for these plots are obtained from formulas derived herein, some of which have previously appeared in the literature. Many results not amenable to graphical illustration are also included.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05532-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05531-4
Bernard V Liengme • October 2014
The purpose of this work is to show some of the ways in which Microsoft Excel...
Bernard V Liengme
The purpose of this work is to show some of the ways in which Microsoft Excel may be used to solve numerical problems in the field of physics. But why use Excel in the first place? Certainly Excel is never going to out-perform the wonderful symbolic algebra tools that we have today Mathematica. Mathcad, Maple, MATLAB, etc. However, from a pedagogical stance Excel has the advantage of not being a 'black box' approach to problem solving. The user must do a lot more work than just call up a function. The intermediate steps in a calculation are displayed on the worksheet of course this is not true with the Solver add-in which is a wonderful 'black box'. Another advantage is the somewhat less steep learning curve. A high school student can quickly learn how to get Excel to do useful calculations.
Online ISBN: 978-1-627-05419-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-627-05418-8
Eric B Szarmes • December 2014
This textbook focuses on the fully classical theory of FELs with application to FEL oscillators and develops ...
Eric B Szarmes
This textbook focuses on the fully classical theory of FELs with application to FEL oscillators and develops the fundamentals of FEL theory in sufficient depth to provide both a solid understanding of FEL physics and a solid background for research in the field. All numerical approximations were developed by the author and numerous examples are included throughout to illustrate the application of analytical results. The text is written at a level suitable for advanced undergraduate or graduate students.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5573-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5572-7
Melody S and Daniela F • November 2014
Introduction to the Physics of the Cryosphere is intended for graduates with a numerical sciences background...
Melody S and Daniela F
Introduction to the Physics of the Cryosphere is intended for graduates with a numerical sciences background, particularly those who are heading towards postgraduate study or are generally interested in environmental physics. Conservation equations underpin the physics encompassed in this book, although the interesting part comes in how the necessary variables and boundary conditions are defined to be able to simulate changes in the cryosphere. Phase changes between ice, liquid water and water vapour also come into play.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5303-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5302-0
F Todd Baker • December 2014
Since 2006 the author has run a web site, www.AskThePhysicist.com, where he answers questions about physics...
F Todd Baker
Since 2006 the author has run a web site, www.AskThePhysicist.com, where he answers questions about physics. The site is not intended for answering highly technical questions; rather the purpose is to answer, with as little mathematics and formalism as possible, questions from intelligent and curious laypersons. This book is about classical mechanics. Usually 'classical' calls to mind Newtonian mechanics and that is indeed where modern physics started. The bulk of the book is devoted to sections which will contain mainly categorized groups of Q&As from the web site, sort of a Best of Ask the Physicist.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5497-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5496-6
Yumin Zhang • December 2014
Microelectronics is a challenging course to many undergraduate students and is often described as very messy...
Microelectronics is a challenging course to many undergraduate students and is often described as very messy. Before taking this course, all the students have learned circuit analysis, where basically all the problems can be solved by applying Kirchhoff's laws. In addition, most engineering students have also learned engineering mechanics: statics and dynamics, where Newton's laws and related principles can be applied in solving all the problems. However, microelectronics is not as clean as these courses. There are hundreds of equations for different circuits, and it is impossible to remember which equation should be applied to which circuit. One of the common pitfalls in learning this course is over-focusing at the equation level and ignoring the ideas (Tao) behind it. Unfortunately, these ideas are not summarized and emphasized in most microelectronics textbooks, though they cover various electronic circuits comprehensively. Therefore, most undergraduate students feel at a loss when they start to learn this topic. This book tries to illustrate the major ideas and the basic analysis techniques, so that students can derive the right equations easily when facing an electronic circuit.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5453-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5452-2
Mojca Cepic • December 2014
Soon after she became involved in the didactics of physics, the author of this book realized that...
Soon after she became involved in the didactics of physics, the author of this book realized that the transfer of new discoveries in physics into schools and to undergraduate programs is almost non-existent. Such an introduction is difficult as students' knowledge is usually too basic to allow them to easily understand newly discovered phenomena. Therefore, in this book, she has constructed simple, hands-on experiments that reflect new research results and allow students to have personal experience and obtain new knowledge emphasizing concepts important for the physics of liquid crystals.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5300-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5299-3
Jin-Tae Kim, Bongsoo... • December 2014
This ebook illustrates the complementarity of molecular beam (MB) spectra and ultracold molecule (UM) spectra...
Jin-Tae Kim, Bongsoo...
This ebook illustrates the complementarity of molecular beam (MB) spectra and ultracold molecule (UM) spectra in unraveling the complex electronic spectra of diatomic alkali metal molecules, using KRb as a prime example. Researchers interested in molecular spectroscopy, whether physicist, chemist, or engineer, may find this ebook helpful and may be able to apply similar ideas to their molecules of interest.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5678-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5677-9
Shanmugamurthy L... • January 2015
The ability to arrange precisely designed patterns of nanoparticles into a desired spatial configuration is the key...
The ability to arrange precisely designed patterns of nanoparticles into a desired spatial configuration is the key to creating novel nanoscale devices that take advantage of the unique properties of nanomaterials. While two-dimensional arrays of nanoparticles have been demonstrated successfully by various techniques, a controlled way of building ordered arrays of three-dimensional (3D) nanoparticle structures remains challenging. This book describes a new technique called the 'nanoscopic lens' which is able to produce a variety of 3D nano-structures in a controlled manner. This ebook describes the nanoscopic lens technique and how it can serve as the foundation for device development that is not limited to a variety of optical, magnetic and electronic devices, but can also create a wide range of bio-nanoelectronic devices.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5429-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5428-7
Juan A Col-n Santana • March 2015
This book introduces the reader to the concepts and instrumentation that emerge in an experimental approach...
Juan A Col-n Santana
This book introduces the reader to the concepts and instrumentation that emerge in an experimental approach to the photoemission process. The basic elements implemented for the technique are discussed and the geometry of the instrumentation is explained. This book covers each of the features that have been observed in the x-ray photoemission spectra and provides the tools necessary for their understanding and correct identification. Charging effects are covered in the penultimate chapter with the final chapter bringing closure to the basic uses of the x-ray photoemission process, as well as guiding the reader through some of the most popular applications used in current research.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5306-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5305-1
Brian R Kent • March 2015
This is the first book written on using Blender (an open source visualization suite widely used...
Brian R Kent
This is the first book written on using Blender (an open source visualization suite widely used in the entertainment and gaming industries) for scientific visualization. It is a practical and interesting introduction to Blender for understanding key parts of 3D rendering and animation that pertain to the sciences via step-by-step guided tutorials. 3D Scientific Visualization with Blender takes you through an understanding of 3D graphics and modelling for different visualization scenarios in the physical sciences.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5612-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5611-3
Benjamin de Mayo • March 2015
Humans receive the vast majority of sensory perception through the eyes and ears...
Benjamin de Mayo
Humans receive the vast majority of sensory perception through the eyes and ears. This non-technical book examines the everyday physics behind hearing and vision to help readers understand more about themselves and their physical environment. It begins with a thorough discussion of sound and light waves, then goes on to discuss how our eyes and ears gather and process information from those waves.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5675-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5674-8
Panos Photinos • March 2015
This book introduces the basics of observational astronomy. It explains the essentials of time and coordinate systems...
This book introduces the basics of observational astronomy. It explains the essentials of time and coordinate systems, and their use in basic observations of the night sky. The fundamental concepts and terminology are introduced in simple language making very little use of equations and math. Examples illustrate how to select the relevant information from widely accessible resources, and how to use the information to determine what is visible and when it is visible from the reader's particular location. Particular attention is paid to the dependence of the appearance and motion on the observer's location, by extending the discussion to include various latitudes in both North and South hemispheres.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5481-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5480-5
Linjin Zheng • March 2015
The intention of this book is to introduce advanced tokamak stability theory. We start with the derivation...
The intention of this book is to introduce advanced tokamak stability theory. We start with the derivation of the Grad-Shafranov equation and the construction of various toroidal flux coordinates. An analytical tokamak equilibrium theory is presented to demonstrate the Shafranov shift and how the toroidal hoop force can be balanced by the application of a vertical magnetic field in tokamaks. In addition to advanced theories, this book also discusses the intuitive physics pictures for various experimentally observed phenomena.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5423-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5422-5
Rui Yin, Qiquan Chen... • March 2015
This book focuses on skin photoaging, the premature aging of skin due to environmental effects...
Rui Yin, Qiquan Chen...
This book focuses on skin photoaging, the premature aging of skin due to environmental effects such as exposure to UV radiation from the Sun. Slowing the aging process and rejuvenation have been one of the major goals of medicine and are in high demand as consumers seek agents or treatments that can prevent or reverse age-associated changes in the skin. Skin Photoaging reviews the compounds and modalities that have been shown (or have potential) to improve the appearance of prematurely aged skin.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5455-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5454-6
Bernard V Liengme • March 2015
SMath is a free mathematical notebook program similar to Mathcad that provides many options for studying...
SMath is a free mathematical notebook program similar to Mathcad that provides many options for studying and solving complex mathematical equations. This book is a primer providing a concise but thorough introduction that keeps physics at a fairly low level so readers can concentrate on understanding the SMath features. The major features are introduced step by step and focus on using SMath as a simple scratch pad.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5925-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5924-4
William H Klink... • March 2015
The history of how quantum mechanics was developed is a fascinating one and underlies the focus...
William H Klink...
The history of how quantum mechanics was developed is a fascinating one and underlies the focus of this book; namely, given the rules that the founders of quantum mechanics developed, is it possible to find principles that lead to the structure of quantum mechanics as it was historically formulated? This is the first book in a series of works considering what particular relativity is applicable to a given dynamical theory. The series considers Newton, Einstein, and de Sitter relativities, while this book examines the unitary irreducible representations of the Galilei group and see how they provide the framework for Galilean quantum theory.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5624-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6270-5623-6
Eric Smith... • January 2015
In this monograph we bring together a conceptual treatment of evolutionary dynamics and a path-ensemble approach...
In this monograph we bring together a conceptual treatment of evolutionary dynamics and a path-ensemble approach to non-equilibrium stochastic processes. Our framework is evolutionary game theory, in which the map from individual types and their interactions to the fitness that determines their evolutionary success is modeled as a game played among agents in the population. Our approach, however, is not anchored either in analogy to play or in motivations to interpret particular interactions as games. Rather, we argue that games are a flexible and reasonably generic framework to capture, classify and analyze the processes in development and some forms of inter-agent interaction that lie behind arbitrary frequency-dependent fitness models.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1137-3 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1138-0
Sioe T Mak • February 2015
This book is a handbook for advanced applications design and integration of new and future technologies...
Sioe T Mak
This book is a handbook for advanced applications design and integration of new and future technologies into Smart Grids for researchers and engineers in academia and industry, looking to pull together disparate technologies and apply them for greater gains. The book covers Smart Grids as the midpoint in the generation, storage, transmission and distribution process through to database management, communication technologies, intelligent devices and synchronisation.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1158-8 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1159-5
Claude Amster • May 2015
Nuclear and Particle Physics provides an introductory course on nuclear and particle physics for undergraduate...
Nuclear and Particle Physics provides an introductory course on nuclear and particle physics for undergraduate and early-graduate students, which the author has taught for several years at the University of Zurich. It contains fundamentals on both nuclear and particle physics, giving emphasis to the discovery and history of developments in the field, and is experimentally/phenomenologically oriented. It contains detailed derivations of formulae such as 2-3 body phase space, the Weinberg-Salam model, and neutrino scattering. Originally published in German as Kern- und Teilchenphysik, several sections have been added to this new English version to cover modern topics, including updates on neutrinos, the Higgs boson, the top quark and bottom quark physics.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1140-3 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1141-0
Hugo van den Berg • July 2015
Written for researchers and postgraduate students with a background in physics or applied mathematics...
Hugo van den Berg
Written for researchers and postgraduate students with a background in physics or applied mathematics and a desire to apply their skills to problems in the life sciences, this beautifully illustrated and stimulating book develops an understanding of the gene-to-trait problem in the context of evolutionary dynamics, from the modern perspective of integrative biology. The gene-to-trait problem resides at the heart of a great many questions in biology. The author presents both elementary and advanced material in a way that brings out how this gene-to-trait problem is treated in the contexts of bioinformatics and evolutionary dynamics. Key ideas and techniques that underlie some of the most-used bioinformatics methods are discussed in an integrative context and a wide range of examples of mathematical models of living things is developed in an evolutionary framework.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1094-9 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1095-6
David K Ferry • August 2015
Modern electronics is being transformed as device size decreases to a size where the dimensions...
Modern electronics is being transformed as device size decreases to a size where the dimensions are significantly smaller than the constituent electron's mean free path. In such systems the electron motion is strongly confined resulting in dramatic changes of behaviour compared to the bulk. This book introduces the physics and applications of transport in such mesoscopic and nanoscale electronic systems and devices. The behaviour of these novel devices is influenced by numerous effects not seen in bulk semiconductors, such as the Aharonov-Bohm Effect, disorder and localization, energy quantization, electron wave interference, spin splitting, tunnelling and the quantum Hall effect to name a few. Including coverage of recent developments, and with a chapter on carbon-based nanoelectronics, this book will provide a good course text for advanced students or as a handy reference for researchers or those entering this interdisciplinary area.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1103-8 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1102-1
Francis Ring, Anna... • September 2015
Infrared thermal imaging is a rapid and non-invasive procedure for mapping skin temperature distribution...
Francis Ring, Anna...
Infrared thermal imaging is a rapid and non-invasive procedure for mapping skin temperature distribution of the human body. Advanced software and high-resolution infrared detectors has allowed for a renaissance in the use of infrared thermal imaging or thermography in medical research and practice. After a review of theory, technology and methodology of medical infrared imaging, the remainder of the book consists of a collection of clinical case studies demonstrating the wide variety of applications of thermography in modern medicine. The combined expertise from a number of centres is used to create this database of images and cases that will be invaluable for medical researchers and practitioners in making diagnoses and measuring treatment efficacy. This book is recommended reading for practising and training radiographers, medical physicists and clinicians.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1143-4 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1144-1
Claudia Tanja Mierke • September 2015
Physics of Cancer focuses on the mechanical properties of cancer cells and their role in cancer...
Claudia Tanja Mierke
Physics of Cancer focuses on the mechanical properties of cancer cells and their role in cancer disease and metastasis. It discusses the role of the mechanical properties of interacting cells and the connective tissue microenvironment and describes the role of an inflammation during cancer disease. This outstanding book is the first to describe cancer disease from a biophysical point of view without being incomplete in describing the biological site of cancer. Originating in part from the author's own courses on tumor biology and cellular biophysics, this book is suitable for both students and researchers in this dynamic interdisciplinary field, be they from a physical, biological or medical sciences background.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1134-2 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1135-9
Hans Paetz gen. Schieck • October 2015
In this book the author charts the developments in nuclear physics since its inception around...
Hans Paetz gen. Schieck
In this book the author charts the developments in nuclear physics since its inception around a century ago by reviewing the key experiments that helped drive and shape our understanding of the field, especially in the context of the wider developments in physics in the early 20th century. In addition to providing a path through the field and the crucial events it looks at how these experiments not only answered key questions at the time but presented new challenges to the contemporary perception of the nuclear and sub-atomic worlds and how they helped develop our present understanding of nuclear physics.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1173-1 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1874-7
Mohammad Saleem • November 2015
Quantum mechanics has brought revolutionary changes in the conceptual foundations of physics and continues to shape...
Quantum mechanics has brought revolutionary changes in the conceptual foundations of physics and continues to shape the modern world. In this book, the author's emphasis is on helping students comprehend the significance of the underlying principles and understand the ways the new concepts were introduced. Including many worked examples and problems, this book will be an invaluable resource for students in physics, chemistry and electrical engineering needing a clear and rigorous introduction to quantum mechanics.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1206-6 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1850-1
Phil Attard • October 2015
This book establishes the foundations of non-equilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in order to support students...
This book establishes the foundations of non-equilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in order to support students and academics in developing and building their understanding. The formal theory and key equations are derived from first principles by mathematical analysis, with concrete physical interpretations and worked examples throughout.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1188-5 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1876-1
Michael G Cottam • November 2015
The last few years have seen dramatic advances in the growth, fabrication and characterization of low-dimensional...
Michael G Cottam
The last few years have seen dramatic advances in the growth, fabrication and characterization of low-dimensional materials and nanostructures. Most studies of these artificially engineered materials have been driven by their potential for device applications that involve smaller and smaller physical dimensions. In particular, the dynamical properties of these materials are of fundamental interest for the devices that involve high-frequency operation and/or switching. Consequently, the different excitations, vibrational, magnetic, optical, electronic, and so on, need to be understood from the perspective of how their properties are modified in finite structures especially on the nanometre length scale due to the presence of surfaces and interfaces.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1054-3 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1804-4
John E Inglesfield • November 2015
The embedding method is a powerful theoretical and computational technique that is relevant to a great...
John E Inglesfield
The embedding method is a powerful theoretical and computational technique that is relevant to a great many technologically and scientifically important problems. This general nature encompasses many important and topical problems in for example surface and interface electronic structure, adsorption, physics of nanostructures, molecular electronics, plasmonics and photonics, and it has become an important tool for researchers in these fields. More recently it has also been extended into the time domain. Supplemented with demonstration programmes, code and examples, this book provides a thorough review of the method and would be an accessible starting point for graduate students or researchers wishing to understand and use the method, or as a single reference source for those already familiar with the subject and applying it in their research.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1042-0 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1883-9
Gen Nakamura... • December 2015
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the techniques, tools and methods for inverse problems...
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the techniques, tools and methods for inverse problems and data assimilation, and is written at the interface between mathematics and applications for students, researchers and developers in mathematics, physics, engineering, acoustics, electromagnetics, meteorology, biology, environmental and other applied sciences. Basic analytic questions and tools are introduced, as well as a wide variety of concepts, methods and approaches to formulate and solve inverse problems. OCTAVE /MATLAB codes are included, which serve as a first step towards simulations and more sophisticated inversion or data assimilation algorithms.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1218-9 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1812-9
Gary Matthew Wysin • December 2015
In this book, author Gary Wysin provides an overview of model systems and their behaviour...
Gary Matthew Wysin
In this book, author Gary Wysin provides an overview of model systems and their behaviour and effects, and is intended for advanced students and researchers in physics, chemistry and engineering interested in confined magnetics. It is also suitable as an auxiliary text in a class on magnetism or solid state physics. Previous physics knowledge is expected, along with some basic knowledge of classical electromagnetism and electromagnetic waves for the latter chapters.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1074-1 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1868-6
Hideaki Kasai... • March 2016
Physics of Surface, Interface and Cluster Catalysis reviews the fundamental physics of catalysis from simple surface...
Physics of Surface, Interface and Cluster Catalysis reviews the fundamental physics of catalysis from simple surface models through to complex cluster and catalytic structures. It is the first book to provide a coherent collection of the physics of catalysis, and shows how physics has provided and continues to provide clarity and insight into many complex catalysis problems, reviewing both recent developments and prospects for future developments in the field.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1164-9 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1877-8
Wilfred Ngwa and Twalib Ngoma • March 2016
In response to the growing global health challenge in the fight against cancer, there is now...
Wilfred Ngwa and Twalib Ngoma
In response to the growing global health challenge in the fight against cancer, there is now a greater need for radiation oncology health professionals across institutions to collaborate and be more globally engaged. Emerging Models for Global Health in Radiation Oncology is a response to the need for a book that comprehensively covers the important and emerging field of radiation oncology. This insightful book highlights the emerging models for global radiation oncology, and serves as a useful resource to facilitate participation and greater effective collaborative global cancer care, research, and education. It is suitable for researchers, students, health professionals, and anyone interested in the global oncology community.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1224-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4748-4
David Elliott • April 2016
Renewable energy sources are large but some are variable and intermittent. The wide-scale use of...
Renewable energy sources are large but some are variable and intermittent. The wide-scale use of renewable energy sources for energy supply will require the adoption of ways to compensate for their variability. This book reviews the technical options looking at their pros and cons and how they might work together to support a reliable and sustainable energy system. This is a rapidly advancing area of research and practice and Balancing Green Power offers an ideal introduction to the field.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1230-1 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1930-0
Guillermo Avenda-o Cervantes • May 2016
Technical Fundamentals of Radiology and CT is intended to cover all issues related to radiology...
Guillermo Avenda-o Cervantes
Technical Fundamentals of Radiology and CT is intended to cover all issues related to radiology and computed tomography, from the technological point of view, both for understanding the operation of all devices involved and for their maintenance. It is intended for students and a wide range of professionals working in various fields of radiology, those who take images and know little about the workings of the devices, and professionals who install, maintain and solve technological problems of all radiological systems used in health institutions.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1212-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1842-6
Karl Whittle • June 2016
Concerns around global warming have led to a nuclear renaissance in many countries, meanwhile the nuclear...
Concerns around global warming have led to a nuclear renaissance in many countries, meanwhile the nuclear industry is warning already of a need to train more nuclear engineers and scientists, who are needed in a range of areas from healthcare and radiation detection to space exploration and advanced materials as well as for the nuclear power industry. Here Karl Whittle provides a solid overview of the intersection of nuclear engineering and materials science at a level approachable by advanced students from materials, engineering and physics. The text explains the unique aspects needed in the design and implementation of materials for use in demanding nuclear settings. In addition to material properties and their interaction with radiation the book covers a range of topics including reactor design, fuels, fusion, future technologies and lessons learned from past incidents. Accompanied by problems, videos and teaching aids the book is suitable for a course text in nuclear materials and a reference for those already working in the field.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1104-5 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1826-6
A Beroual and I Fofana • June 2016
Discharge in Long Air Gaps: Modelling and applications presents self-consistent predictive dynamic models of positive...
A Beroual and I Fofana
Discharge in Long Air Gaps: Modelling and applications presents self-consistent predictive dynamic models of positive and negative discharges in long air gaps. Equivalent models are also derived to predict lightning parameters based on the similarities between long air gap discharges and lightning flashes. Macroscopic air gap discharge parameters are calculated to solve electrical, empirical and physical equations, and comparisons between computed and experimental results for various test configurations are presented and discussed. This book is intended to provide a fresh perspective by contributing an innovative approach to this research domain, and universities with programs in high-voltage engineering will find this volume to be a working example of how to introduce the basics of electric discharge phenomena.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1236-3 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1827-3
Maria Benelmekki • April 2015
In the last few years, several 'bottom-up' and 'top-down' synthesis routes have been developed to produce...
In the last few years, several 'bottom-up' and 'top-down' synthesis routes have been developed to produce tailored hybrid nanoparticles (HNPs). This book provides a new insight into one of the most promising 'bottom-up' techniques, based on a practical magnetron-sputtering inert-gas-condensation method. A modified magnetron-sputtering-based inert-gas-condensation (MS-IGC) system is presented, and its performances under different conditions are evaluated.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5469-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4763-7
Bruce Cameron Reed • June 2015
This volume, prepared by an acknowledged expert on the Manhattan Project, gives a concise, fast-paced account...
Bruce Cameron Reed
This volume, prepared by an acknowledged expert on the Manhattan Project, gives a concise, fast-paced account of all major aspects of the project at a level accessible to an undergraduate college or advanced high-school student familiar with some basic concepts of energy, atomic structure, and isotopes. The text describes the underlying scientific discoveries that made nuclear weapons possible, how the project was organized, the daunting challenges faced and overcome in obtaining fissile uranium and plutonium, and in designing workable bombs, the dramatic Trinity test carried out in the desert of southern New Mexico in July 1945, and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5991-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4743-9
F Todd Baker • June 2015
This is the second book in the 'Ask the Physicist' series. The first book, From Newton...
This is the second book in the 'Ask the Physicist' series. The first book, From Newton to Einstein: Ask the physicist about mechanics and relativity, provides an excellent foundation for this book that covers topics in 'modern' physics. The main emphasis of this volume is providing an accessible introduction to quantum physics, atomic physics, and nuclear physics to anyone with at least high-school physics knowledge.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5939-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4744-6
Matt A Wood • June 2015
This book provides an introduction to the core features of the Python programming language and Matplotlib...
Matt A Wood
This book provides an introduction to the core features of the Python programming language and Matplotlib plotting routings for scientists and engineers (or students of either discipline) who want to use Python to analyse data, simulate physical processes, and render publication-quality plots. No previous programming experience is needed before reading the first page.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5620-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4829-0
Tom G Mackay... • June 2015
Electromagnetic homogenization is the process of estimating the effective electromagnetic properties of composite materials in the long-wavelength...
Tom G Mackay...
Electromagnetic homogenization is the process of estimating the effective electromagnetic properties of composite materials in the long-wavelength regime, wherein the length scales of nonhomogeneities are much smaller than the wavelengths involved. This is a bird's-eye view of currently available homogenization formalisms for particulate composite materials. It presents analytical methods only, with focus on the general settings of anisotropy and bianisotropy.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5427-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4808-5
Jason M Kinser • July 2015
This book provides 13 labs spanning the common topics in the first semester of university-level physics...
Jason M Kinser
This book provides 13 labs spanning the common topics in the first semester of university-level physics. Each lab is designed to use only the student's smartphone, laptop and items easily found in big-box stores or a hobby shop. Each lab contains theory, set-up instructions and basic analysis techniques. All of these labs can be performed outside of the traditional university lab setting and initial costs averaging less than $8 per student, per lab.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6270-5628-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4800-9
Arthur R McGurn • September 2015
This is a brief introduction to the ideas and phenomena that occur in the nonlinear optics...
Arthur R McGurn
This is a brief introduction to the ideas and phenomena that occur in the nonlinear optics of photonic crystals and metamaterials. These are illustrated within the context of simple models which provide an easy understanding of the physical phenomena that are important in these two rapidly developing areas of nano-photonic technology.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4107-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4043-0
Mark S Swanson • September 2015
This book is a concise introduction to the key concepts of classical field theory for beginning...
Mark S Swanson
This book is a concise introduction to the key concepts of classical field theory for beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduate students who wish to study the unifying structures and physical insights provided by classical field theory without dealing with the additional complication of quantization. In that regard, there are many important aspects of field theory that can be understood without quantizing the fields. These include the action formulation, Galilean and relativistic invariance, traveling and standing waves, spin angular momentum, gauge invariance, subsidiary conditions, fluctuations, spinor and vector fields, conservation laws and symmetries, and the Higgs mechanism, all of which are often treated briefly in a course on quantum field theory.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4121-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4753-8
Vlad Stolojan • September 2015
The Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) is the ultimate tool to see and measure structures on the nanoscale...
The Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) is the ultimate tool to see and measure structures on the nanoscale and to probe their elemental composition and electronic structure with sub-nanometer spatial resolution. Recent technological breakthroughs have revolutionized our understanding of materials via use of the TEM, and it promises to become a significant tool in understanding biological and bio-molecular systems such as viruses and DNA molecules. This book is a practical guide for scientists who need to use the TEM as a tool to answer questions about physical and chemical phenomena on the nanoscale.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4120-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4811-5
Marc S Seigar • September 2015
The study of dark matter, in both astrophysics and particle physics, has emerged as one...
Marc S Seigar
The study of dark matter, in both astrophysics and particle physics, has emerged as one of the most active and exciting topics of research in recent years. This book reviews the history behind the discovery of missing mass (or unseen mass) in the universe, and ties this into the proposed extensions to the Standard Model of Particle Physics (such as Supersymmetry), which were being proposed within the same time frame.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4118-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4761-3
Sarah Fearn • October 2015
This book highlights the application of Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) for high-resolution...
This book highlights the application of Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) for high-resolution surface analysis and characterization of materials. While providing a brief overview of the principles of SIMS, it also provides examples of how dual-beam ToF-SIMS is used to investigate a range of materials systems and properties.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4088-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4738-5
David C Cox • October 2015
This book describes modern focused ion beam microscopes and techniques and how they can be used...
David C Cox
This book describes modern focused ion beam microscopes and techniques and how they can be used to aid materials metrology and as tools for the fabrication of devices that in turn are used in many other aspects of fundamental metrology. Beginning with a description of the currently available instruments including the new addition to the field of plasma-based sources, it then gives an overview of ion solid interactions and how the different types of instrument can be applied. Chapters then describe how these machines can be applied to the field of materials science and device fabrication giving examples of recent and current activity in both these areas.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4084-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4793-4
Dong-Woo Cho... • October 2015
This book introduces various 3D printing systems, biomaterials, and cells for organ printing. In view of...
This book introduces various 3D printing systems, biomaterials, and cells for organ printing. In view of the latest applications of several 3D printing systems, their advantages and disadvantages are also discussed. A basic understanding of the entire spectrum of organ printing provides pragmatic insight into the mechanisms, methods, and applications of this discipline.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4079-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4821-4
Sibel Baskal, Young S Kim and Marilyn E Noz • November 2015
This book explains the Lorentz mathematical group in a language familiar to physicists...
Sibel Baskal, Young S Kim and Marilyn E Noz
This book explains the Lorentz mathematical group in a language familiar to physicists. While the three-dimensional rotation group is one of the standard mathematical tools in physics, the Lorentz group of the four-dimensional Minkowski space is still very strange to most present-day physicists. It plays an essential role in understanding particles moving at close to light speed and is becoming the essential language for quantum optics, classical optics, and information science.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4254-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4828-3
Mahdi Karimi... • November 2015
The concept of smart drug delivery vehicles involves designing and preparing a nanostructure (or microstructure) that can...
The concept of smart drug delivery vehicles involves designing and preparing a nanostructure (or microstructure) that can be loaded with a cargo. This can be a therapeutic drug, a contrast agent for imaging, or a nucleic acid for gene therapy. The nanocarrier serves to protect the cargo from degradation by enzymes in the body, to enhance the solubility of insoluble drugs, to extend the circulation half-life, and to enhance its penetration and accumulation at the target site. Importantly, smart nanocarriers can be designed to be responsive to a specific stimulus, so that the cargo is only released or activated when desired. In this volume we cover smart nanocarriers that respond to internal stimuli that are intrinsic to the target site. These stimuli are specific to the cell type, tissue or organ type, or to the disease state (cancer, infection, inflammation etc). pH-responsive nanostructures can be used for cargo release in acidic endosomal compartments, in the lower pH of tumors, and for specific oral delivery either to the stomach or intestine. Nanocarriers can be designed to be substrates of a wide-range of enzymes that are over-expressed at disease sites. Oxidation and reduction reactions can be taken advantage of in smart nanocarriers by judicious molecular design. Likewise, nanocarriers can be designed to respond to a range of specific biomolecules that may occur at the target site. In this volume we also cover dual and multi-responsive systems that combine stimuli that could be either internal or external.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4257-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4846-7
The concept of smart drug delivery vehicles involves designing and preparing a nanostructure (or microstructure) that...
The concept of smart drug delivery vehicles involves designing and preparing a nanostructure (or microstructure) that can be loaded with a cargo, this can be a therapeutic drug, a contrast agent for imaging, or a nucleic acid for gene therapy. The nanocarrier serves to protect the cargo from degradation by enzymes in the body, to enhance the solubility of insoluble drugs, to extend the circulation half-life, and to enhance its penetration and accumulation at the target site. Importantly, smart nanocarriers can be designed to be responsive to a specific stimulus, so that the cargo is only released or activated when desired. In this volume we cover smart nanocarriers that respond to externally applied stimuli that usually involve application of physical energy. This physical energy can be applied from outside the body and can either cause cargo release, or can activate the nanostructure to be cytotoxic, or both. The stimuli covered include light of various wavelengths (ultraviolet, visible or infrared), temperature (increased or decreased), magnetic fields (used to externally manipulate nanostructures and to activate them), ultrasound, and electrical and mechanical forces. Finally we discuss the issue of nanotoxicology and the future scope of the field.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4202-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4845-0
Jeffrey H Williams • November 2015
The present theme concerns the forces of nature, and what investigations of these forces can tell...
Jeffrey H Williams
The present theme concerns the forces of nature, and what investigations of these forces can tell us about the world we see about us. The story of these forces is long and complex, and contains many episodes that are not atypical of the bulk of scientific research, which could have achieved greater acclaim 'if only...'. The intention of this book is to introduce ideas of how the visible world, and those parts of it that we cannot observe, either because they are too small or too large for our scale of perception, can be understood by consideration of only a few fundamental forces. The subject in these pages will be the authority of the commonly termed, laws of physics, which arise from the forces of nature, and the corresponding constants of nature (for example, the speed of light, c, the charge of the electron, e, or the mass of the electron, me).
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4241-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4820-7
James J Kolata • November 2015
Cosmology is the study of the origin, size, and evolution of the entire universe...
James J Kolata
Cosmology is the study of the origin, size, and evolution of the entire universe. Every culture has developed a cosmology, whether it be based on religious, philosophical, or scientific principles. In this book, the evolution of the scientific understanding of the Universe in Western tradition is traced from the early Greek philosophers to the most modern 21st century view.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4100-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4772-9
James MacDonald • November 2015
Structure and Evolution of Single Stars: An introduction is intended for upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduates...
Structure and Evolution of Single Stars: An introduction is intended for upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduates with a background in physics. Following a brief overview of the background observational material, the basic equations describing the structure and evolution of single stars are derived. The relevant physical processes, which include the equation of state, opacity, nuclear reactions and neutrino losses are then reviewed. Subsequent chapters describe the evolution of low-mass stars from formation to the final white dwarf phase. The final chapter deals with the evolution of massive stars.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4105-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4853-5
Konrad Hinsen • November 2015
Computation in Science provides a theoretical background in computation to scientists who use computational methods...
Computation in Science provides a theoretical background in computation to scientists who use computational methods. It explains how computing is used in the natural sciences, and provides a high-level overview of those aspects of computer science and software engineering that are most relevant for computational science. The focus is on concepts, results, and applications, rather than on proofs and derivations.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4093-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4756-9
Allen G Hunt... • November 2015
This book presents research into the physical rules that can underlie the behaviour of biota, as...
Allen G Hunt...
This book presents research into the physical rules that can underlie the behaviour of biota, as well as the geochemistry of soil development. It addresses both nutrient and water transport limitations of processes from chemical weathering to vascular plant growth. It attempts to bring order to the question of the extent to which soils can facilitate plant growth, and what limitations on plant sizes, metabolism, occurrence and correlations can be formulated thereby.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4159-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4813-9
Luis Roberto Flores Castillo • November 2015
This book provides a general description of the search for and discovery of the Higgs boson...
Luis Roberto Flores Castillo
This book provides a general description of the search for and discovery of the Higgs boson (particle) at CERN's Large Hadron Collider. The goal is to provide a relatively brief overview of the issues, instruments and techniques relevant for this search; written by a physicist who was directly involved. The Higgs boson may be the one particle that was studied the most before its discovery and the story from postulation in 1964 to detection in 2012 is a fascinating one. The story is told here while detailing the fundamentals of particle physics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4078-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4866-5
Carlos Navarrete-Benlloch • December 2015
Quantum information is an emerging field which has attracted a lot of attention in the last...
Quantum information is an emerging field which has attracted a lot of attention in the last couple of decades. It is a broad subject which extends from the most applied questions (e.g. how to build quantum computers or secure cryptographic systems) to the most theoretical problems concerning the formalism and interpretation of quantum mechanics, its complexity, and its potential to go beyond classical physics. This book is an introduction to quantum information with special emphasis on continuous-variable systems (such as light) which can be described as collections of harmonic oscillators. It covers a selection of basic concepts, focusing on their physical meaning and mathematical treatment. It starts from the very first principles of quantum mechanics, and builds up the concepts and techniques following a logical progression. This is an excellent reference for students with a full semester of standard quantum mechanics and researchers in closely related fields.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4405-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4736-1
William A Schwalm • December 2015
This volume is a basic introduction to certain aspects of elliptic functions and elliptic integrals...
William A Schwalm
This volume is a basic introduction to certain aspects of elliptic functions and elliptic integrals. Primarily, the elliptic functions stand out as closed solutions to a class of physical and geometrical problems giving rise to nonlinear differential equations. While these nonlinear equations may not be the types of greatest interest currently, the fact that they are solvable exactly in terms of functions about which much is known makes up for this. The elliptic functions of Jacobi, or equivalently the Weierstrass elliptic functions, inhabit the literature on current problems in condensed matter and statistical physics, on solitons and conformal representations, and all sorts of famous problems in classical mechanics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4230-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4802-3
Robson Ferreira... • December 2015
This is an overview of different models and mechanisms developed to describe the capture and relaxation...
This is an overview of different models and mechanisms developed to describe the capture and relaxation of carriers in quantum-dot systems. Despite their undisputed importance, the mechanisms leading to population and energy exchanges between a quantum dot and its environment are not yet fully understood. The authors develop a first-order approach to such effects, using elementary quantum mechanics and an introduction to the physics of semiconductors. The book results from a series of lectures given by the authors at the Master's level.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4089-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4751-4
H Thomas Williams • December 2015
After a quarter century of discoveries that rattled the foundations of classical mechanics and electrodynamics, the...
H Thomas Williams
After a quarter century of discoveries that rattled the foundations of classical mechanics and electrodynamics, the year 1926 saw the publication of two works intended to provide a theoretical structure to support new quantum explanations of the subatomic world. Heisenberg's matrix mechanics and Schr-dinger's wave mechanics provided compatible but mathematically disparate ways of unifying the discoveries of Planck, Einstein, Bohr and many others. Efforts began immediately to prove the equivalence of these two structures, culminated successfully by John von Neumann's 1932 volume Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. This forms the springboard for the current effort. We begin with a presentation of a minimal set of von Neumann postulates while introducing language and notation to facilitate subsequent discussion of quantum calculations based in finite dimensional Hilbert spaces. Chapters that follow address two-state quantum systems (with spin one-half as the primary example), entanglement of multiple two-state systems, quantum angular momentum theory and quantum approaches to statistical mechanics. A concluding chapter gives an overview of issues associated with quantum mechanics in continuous infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4125-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4765-1
Ruth H Howes... • December 2015
This book examines the lives and contributions of American women physicists who were active in the...
Ruth H Howes...
This book examines the lives and contributions of American women physicists who were active in the years following World War II, during the middle decades of the 20th century. It covers the strategies they used to survive and thrive in a time where their gender was against them. The percentage of woman taking PhDs in physics has risen from 6% in 1983 to 20% in 2012 (an all-time high for women). By understanding the history of women in physics, these gains can continue. It discusses two major classes of women physicists; those who worked on military projects, and those who worked in industrial laboratories and at universities largely in the late 1940s and 1950s. While it includes minimal discussion of physics and physicists in the 1960s and later, this book focuses on the challenges and successes of women physicists in the years immediately following World War II and before the eras of affirmative actions and the use of the personal computer.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4094-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4726-2
Helge Kastrup... • February 2016
This book is based on a commitment to teaching science to everybody. What may work for training...
This book is based on a commitment to teaching science to everybody. What may work for training professional scientists does not work for general science education. Students bring to the classrooms preconceived attitudes, as well as the emotional baggage called 'science anxiety'. Students may regard science as cold, unfriendly, and even inherently hostile and biased against women. This book has been designed to deal with each of these issues and results from research in both Denmark and the USA. The first chapter discusses student attitudes towards science and the second discusses science anxiety. The connection between the two is discussed before the introduction of constructivism as a pedagogy that can aid science learning if it also addresses attitudes and anxieties. Much of the book elucidates what the authors have learned as science teachers and science education researchers. They studied various groups including university students majoring in the sciences, mathematics, humanities, social sciences, business, nursing, and education; high-school students; teachers' seminary students; science teachers at all levels from middle school through college; and science administrators. The insights of these groups constitute the most important feature of the book, and by sharing them, the authors hope to help their fellow science teachers to understand student attitudes about science, to recognize the connections between these and science anxiety, and to see how a pedagogy that takes these into account can improve science learning.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4265-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4854-2
Andrea Banfi • February 2016
Jet physics is an incredibly rich subject detailing the narrow cone of hadrons and other particles...
Jet physics is an incredibly rich subject detailing the narrow cone of hadrons and other particles produced by the hadronization of a quark or gluon in a particle physics or heavy ion experiment. This book is a general overview of jet physics for scientists not directly involved in the field. It presents the basic experimental and theoretical problems arising when dealing with jets, and describing the solutions proposed in recent years.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4073-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4787-3
Matthew J Baker... • February 2016
Biophotonic diagnostics/biomedical spectroscopy can revolutionise the medical environment by providing a responsive and objective diagnostic...
Matthew J Baker...
Biophotonic diagnostics/biomedical spectroscopy can revolutionise the medical environment by providing a responsive and objective diagnostic environment. This book aims to explain the fundamentals of the physical techniques used combined with the particular requirements of analysing medical/clinical samples as a resource for any interested party. In addition, it will show the potential of this field for the future of medical science and act as a driver for translation across many different biological problems/questions.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4071-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4748-4
Peter Pella • March 2016
The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) has been the principal legal barrier to prevent the spread of nuclear...
The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) has been the principal legal barrier to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons for the past forty-five years. It promotes the peaceful uses of nuclear technology and insures, through the application of safeguards inspections conducted by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), that those technologies are not being diverted toward the production of nuclear weapons. It is also the only multinational treaty that obligates the five nuclear weapons states that are party to the treaty (China, France, Great Britain, Russia, and the United States) to pursue nuclear disarmament measures. Though there have been many challenges over the years, most would agree that the treaty has largely been successful. However, many are concerned about the continued viability of the NPT. The perceived slow pace of nuclear disarmament, the interest by some countries to consider a weapons program while party to the treaty, and the funding and staffing issues at the IAEA, are all putting considerable strain on the treaty. This manuscript explores those issues and offers some possible solutions to ensure that the NPT will survive effectively for many years to come.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4389-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4860-3
Santiago Bernal • March 2016
This book is a brief exposition of the principles of beam physics and particle accelerators with...
This book is a brief exposition of the principles of beam physics and particle accelerators with emphasis on numerical examples employing readily available computer tools. Avoiding detailed derivations, we invite the reader to use general high-end languages such as Mathcad and Matlab, as well as specialized particle accelerator codes (e.g. MAD, WinAgile, Elegant, and others) to explore the principles presented. This approach allows the student to readily identify relevant design parameters and their scaling and easily adapt computer input files to other related situations.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4076-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4742-2
Christopher M Collins • March 2016
In the past few decades, magnetic resonance iImaging (MRI) has become an indispensable...
Christopher M Collins
In the past few decades, magnetic resonance iImaging (MRI) has become an indispensable tool in modern medicine, with MRI systems now available at every major hospital in the developed world. But for all its utility and prevalence, it is much less commonly understood and less readily explained than other common medical imaging techniques. Unlike optical, ultrasonic, x-ray (including CT), and nuclear medicine-based imaging, MRI does not rely primarily on simple transmission and/or reflection of energy, and the highest achievable resolution in MRI is orders of magnitude smaller that the smallest wavelength involved. In this book, MRI will be explained with emphasis on the magnetic fields required, their generation, their concomitant electric fields, the various interactions of all these fields with the subject being imaged, and the implications of these interactions to image quality and patient safety. Classical electromagnetics will be used to describe aspects from the fundamental phenomenon of nuclear precession through signal detection and MRI safety. Simple explanations and Illustrations combined with pertinent equations are designed to help the reader rapidly gain a fundamental understanding and an appreciation of this technology as it is used today, as well as ongoing advances that will increase its value in the future. Numerous references are included to facilitate further study with an emphasis on areas most directly related to electromagnetics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4083-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4768-2
Dhiraj Sinha... • April 2016
This book is an introduction to the concept of symmetries in electromagnetism and explicit symmetry breaking...
This book is an introduction to the concept of symmetries in electromagnetism and explicit symmetry breaking. It begins with a brief background on the origin of the concept of symmetry and its meaning in fields such as architecture, mathematics and physics. Despite the extensive developments of symmetry in these fields, it has yet to be applied to the context of classical electromagnetism and related engineering applications. This book unravels the beauty and excitement of this area to scientists and engineers.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4357-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4777-4
Lucas F de Freitas... • April 2016
This book provides detailed and current information on using fullerenes (bucky-balls) in photodynamic therapy (PDT), one of the...
Lucas F de Freitas...
This book provides detailed and current information on using fullerenes (bucky-balls) in photodynamic therapy (PDT), one of the most actively studied applications of photonic science in healthcare. This will serve as a useful source for researchers working in photomedicine and nanomedicine, especially those who are investigating PDT for cancer treatment and infectious disease treatment. The book runs the gamut from an introduction to the history and chemistry of fullerenes and some basic photochemistry, to the application of fullerenes as photosensitizers for cancer and antimicrobial inactivation.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4247-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4739-2
Laura McCullough • April 2016
This book begins with an examination of the numbers of women in physics in English-speaking countries...
This book begins with an examination of the numbers of women in physics in English-speaking countries, moving on to examine factors that affect girls and their decision to continue in science, right through to education and on into the problems that women in physics careers face. Looking at all of these topics with one eye on the progress that the field has made in the past few years, and another on those things that we have yet to address, the book surveys the most current research as it tries to identify strategies and topics that have significant impact on issues that women have in the field.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4277-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4876-4
Susanta K Sarkar • April 2016
This is an overview of single molecule physics, the study of both equilibrium and non-equilibrium properties...
Susanta K Sarkar
This is an overview of single molecule physics, the study of both equilibrium and non-equilibrium properties at the single molecule level. It begins with an introduction to this fascinating science and includes a chapter on how to build the most popular instrument for single molecule biophysics, the total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscope. It concludes with the Poisson process approach to statistical mechanics, explaining how to relate the process to diverse areas and see how data analysis and error bars are integral parts of science.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4116-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4843-6
Abel M-ndez... • April 2016
What does it take to consider a planet potentially habitable? If a planet is suitable for life, could life be present?...
What does it take to consider a planet potentially habitable? If a planet is suitable for life, could life be present? Is life on other planets inevitable? Searching for Habitable Worlds answers these questions and provides both the general public and astronomy enthusiasts with a richly illustrated discussion of the most current knowledge regarding the search for extrasolar planets. Nearly everyone wants to know if we are alone in the universe. This book might not have the answers, but shows where we should look. This book is a fun and accessible book for everyone from middle schoolers to amateur astronomers of all ages. The use of non-technical language and abundant illustrations make this a quick read to inform everyone about the latest movement in the search for other planets that we might be able to inhabit. After a brief discussion on why humans are hard-wired to be curious, and to explore the unknown, the book describes what extrasolar planets are, how to detect them, and how to pin down potential targets. In addition, a data-driven list of the best candidates for habitability is profiled and the next generation of exoplanet-hunting scientific instruments and probes are identified.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4401-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4840-5
Rhett Allain • May 2016
We currently live in a world filled with videos. There are videos on YouTube, feature movies and even videos recorded with our own...
We currently live in a world filled with videos. There are videos on YouTube, feature movies and even videos recorded with our own cameras and smartphones. These videos present an excellent opportunity to not only explore physical concepts, but also inspire others to investigate physics ideas. With video analysis, we can explore the fantasy world in science-fiction films. We can also look at online videos to determine if they are genuine or fake. Video analysis can be used in the introductory physics lab and it can even be used to explore the make-believe physics embedded in video games. This book covers the basic ideas behind video analysis along with the fundamental physics principles used in video analysis. The book also includes several examples of the unique situations in which video analysis can be used.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4067-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4826-9
Guoan Zheng • May 2016
This book demonstrates the concept of Fourier ptychography, a new imaging technique that bypasses the...
This book demonstrates the concept of Fourier ptychography, a new imaging technique that bypasses the resolution limit of the employed optics. In particular, it transforms the general challenge of high-throughput, high-resolution imaging from one that is coupled to the physical limitations of the optics to one that is solvable through computation. Demonstrated in a tutorial form and providing many MATLAB- simulation examples for the reader, it also discusses the experimental implementation and recent developments of Fourier ptychography. This book will be of interest to researchers and engineers learning simulation techniques for Fourier optics and the Fourier ptychography concept.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4273-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4781-1
Jeremy Bernstein • July 2016
One Physicist's Guide to Nuclear Weapons presents a truly global look at the history, use, and issues surrounding nuclear...
One Physicist's Guide to Nuclear Weapons presents a truly global look at the history, use, and issues surrounding nuclear weapons from the perspective of physicist and writer Jeremy Bernstein. A first-hand witness to the development and science of nuclear weapons, he is in a unique position to highlight the ways in which nuclear weapons work with a writing style that is suitable for lay readers and scientists alike. Bernstein brings the reader on a journey from the Nevada nuclear-testing fields in the 1950s to the present day situations in Iran and North Korea, while delving into the physics and science behind the bomb. With an introduction by Sir Chris Llewellyn Smith, this book is a testament to the last 70 years of the nuclear age, affecting every human being on the planet.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1308-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1810-5
Alexander Berezin • August 2016
Digital Informatics and Isotopic Biology discusses self-organization and the emergence of order at the atomic scale with...
Digital Informatics and Isotopic Biology discusses self-organization and the emergence of order at the atomic scale with a particular emphasis on the digital information that can be carried by proper ordering of stable isotopes. This ushers in the concept of isotopic biology as a complementary level to the "common" biology. The book discusses the area of isotopic randomness (isotopicity) and numerous implications of it for physics, biology, biomedicine, informatics, and other areas of science. It offers a unique and original view and may be the first milestone of this novel emerging area. The character of the book is highly interdisciplinary with numerous philosophical and historical discourses and comments.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1293-6 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1843-3
M N Shneider and M Pekker • August 2016
This book comprehensively describes the phenomena that occur in liquid dielectrics under the influence of an inhomogeneous...
M N Shneider and M Pekker
This book comprehensively describes the phenomena that occur in liquid dielectrics under the influence of an inhomogeneous pulsed electric field. Written by leading experts in the field, it is the first of its kind to address numerous potential applications such as the technology of high-voltage insulation in pulsed inhomogeneous fields, and applications related to cavitation development in liquid dielectrics, plasma treatment of different materials and plasma medicine dealing with living cells. Liquid Dielectrics in an Inhomogeneous Pulsed Electric Field is intended for a broad audience, from students to engineers and scientists, who are interested in current research questions in electrodynamics and hydrodynamics of liquid dielectrics.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1245-5 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1866-2
Leonid P Yaroslavsky • September 2016
The first edition of this text book focussed on providing practical hands-on experience in digital imaging techniques...
The first edition of this text book focussed on providing practical hands-on experience in digital imaging techniques for graduate students and practitioners keeping to a minimum any detailed discussion on the underlying theory. In this new extended edition, the author builds on the strength of the original edition by expanding the coverage to include formulation of the major theoretical results that underlie the exercises as well as introducing numerous modern concepts and new techniques. Whether you are studying or already using digital imaging techniques, developing proficiency in the subject is not possible without mastering practical skills. Including more than 100 MATLAB- exercises, this book delivers a complete applied course in digital imaging theory and practice. Part of IOP Series in Imaging Engineering. Supplementary MATLAB codes and data files are available within Book Information.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1233-2 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1789-4
Sam Illingworth... • September 2016
Effective Science Communication: A practical guide to surviving as a scientist is devoted to the variety of ways that scientists...
Effective Science Communication: A practical guide to surviving as a scientist is devoted to the variety of ways that scientists are expected to communicate in their day-to-day professional lives. It includes practical advice on how to publish your work in scientific journals, apply for grants, and effectively communicate your research to both scientific and non-scientific audiences. There are chapters devoted to constructing a digital footprint, dealing with the media, and influencing science policy. Guiding you throughout are a number of useful exercises that will help you to become a more effective communicator, providing a helping hand in your scientific journey to not only survive, but to prosper in the process.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1170-0 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1773-3
N R Sree Harsha... • October 2016
Circuit theory is one of the most important tools of the electrical engineer, and it can be derived with suitable approximations from...
N R Sree Harsha...
Circuit theory is one of the most important tools of the electrical engineer, and it can be derived with suitable approximations from Maxwell's equations. Despite this, university courses treat electromagnetism and circuit theory as two separate subjects and at advanced level, students can lack a basic understanding of the classical electromagnetism applied in the context of electric circuits to fully appreciate and apply circuit theory and understand its limitations. Here the authors build on their graduate teaching experiences and lectures to treat these topics as a single subject and derive and present the important results from circuit analyses, such as Kirchhoff's laws and Ohm's law, using the ideas of the classical electromagnetism.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1266-0 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1960-7
Eddy Simoen and Cor Claeys • October 2016
Following their first observation in 1984, random telegraph signals (RTSs) were initially a purely scientific tool to study...
Eddy Simoen and Cor Claeys
Following their first observation in 1984, random telegraph signals (RTSs) were initially a purely scientific tool to study fundamental aspects of defects in semiconductor devices. As semiconductor devices move to the nanoscale however, RTSs have become an issue of major concern to the semiconductor industry, both in development of current technology, such as memory devices and logic circuits, as well as in future semiconductor devices beyond the silicon roadmap, such as nanowire, TFET and carbon nanotube-based devices. It has become clear that the reliability of state-of-the-art and future CMOS technology nodes is dominated by RTS and single trap phenomena, and so its understanding is of vital importance for the modelling and simulation of the operation and the expected lifetime of CMOS devices and circuits. It is the aim of this book to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date review of one of the most challenging issues facing the semiconductor industry, from the fundamentals of RTSs to applied technology.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1272-1 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1837-2
Hans P-cseli • November 2016
Low Frequency Waves and Turbulence in Magnetized Laboratory Plasmas and in the Ionosphere was developed from courses...
Low Frequency Waves and Turbulence in Magnetized Laboratory Plasmas and in the Ionosphere was developed from courses taught by the author at the universities of Oslo and Tromso in Norway. Suitable for undergraduates, graduate students and researchers, the first part of the book is devoted to discussing some relevant plasma instabilities and the free energy that drives them. In the second part, the more advanced topics of nonlinear models and the interactions of many modes are discussed. Theoretical tools available for turbulence modelling are also outlined. The book summarizes a number of studies of low-frequency plasma waves, drift waves in particular, from laboratory and space experiments. Part of the IOP Plasma Physics Series.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1251-6 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1817-4
Michael Levin... • December 2016
This unique book is a compendium of carefully curated published papers in the biosciences, which have (or will) precipitate...
This unique book is a compendium of carefully curated published papers in the biosciences, which have (or will) precipitate a profound change in prevailing paradigms and research programs. A mix of new and classic papers, it shows the limitations of current thought or identifies novel vistas for investigations that have not yet been explored. The purpose of the book is to highlight scientific gems, most unrecognized, that suggest revisions to key pillars of thought in the biological sciences and further the education of young scientists. This will be achieved by including reprints of papers that demonstrate counter-paradigm, novel directions for future research featuring commentary from current, notable researchers in a variety of areas.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1326-1 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1806-8
B T Fijalkowski • December 2016
Mechatronics offers new solutions and unprecedented flexibility in developing and understanding transportation systems...
B T Fijalkowski
Mechatronics offers new solutions and unprecedented flexibility in developing and understanding transportation systems, industrial production processes, and aerospace, automotive and traction components, etc. This book focusses on exploiting a dynamical systems approach and theory of holors in mechatronics for modelling and characterization of various dynamical systems. Written as an introductory textbook for advanced students, it can be used by teachers and students both in lessons and independently. It includes subject knowledge and pedagogical support for teachers of mechatronics. This title will also be an essential reference for practicing scientists and engineers working in the field of mechatronics.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1350-6 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1853-2
Vladislav Mazur • December 2016
Principles of Lightning Physics presents and discusses the most up-to-date physical concepts that govern many lightning...
Principles of Lightning Physics presents and discusses the most up-to-date physical concepts that govern many lightning events in nature, including lightning interactions with man-made structures, at a level suitable for researchers, advanced students and well-educated lightning enthusiasts. The author's approach to understanding lightning-to seek out, and show what is common to all lightning flashes-is illustrated by an analysis of each type of lightning and the multitude of lightning-related features. The book examines the work that has gone into the development of new physical concepts, and provides critical evaluations of the existing understanding of the physics of lightning and the lexicon of terms and definitions presently used in lightning research.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1152-6 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1864-8
Gianpiero Colonna... • December 2016
Plasma Modeling: Methods and Applications presents and discusses the different approaches that can be adopted for plasma...
Plasma Modeling: Methods and Applications presents and discusses the different approaches that can be adopted for plasma modeling, giving details about theoretical and numerical methods. The book is intended to assist and direct students and researchers, who want to develop research activity in the field of plasma physics, in the choice of the best model for the problem of interest. The book is organised in three parts. The first describes kinetic models used in plasma investigations, consisting of the solution of the Boltzmann equation using different approaches. The second part develops the theory of fluid equations and of hybrid models, and the third part is devoted to applications, considering some practical problems of interest in different fields.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1200-4 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1818-1
Yury Grabovsky • December 2016
The mathematical method of composites has reached a very high level of maturity and developments have increased our understanding...
The mathematical method of composites has reached a very high level of maturity and developments have increased our understanding of the relationship between the microstructure of composites and their macroscopic behaviour. This book provides a self-contained unified approach to the mathematical foundation of the theory of composites, leading to the general theory of exact relations. It also provides complete lists of exact relations in many specific physically relevant contexts, such as conductivity, fibre-reinforced elasticity, piezoelectricity, thermoelectricity and more.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1048-2 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1801-3
Jeff Greensite • February 2017
Written in a lucid and engaging style, the author takes readers from an overview of classical mechanics and the historical...
Written in a lucid and engaging style, the author takes readers from an overview of classical mechanics and the historical development of quantum theory through to advanced topics. The mathematical aspects of quantum theory necessary for a firm grasp of the subject are developed in the early chapters, but an effort is made to motivate that formalism on physical grounds. Including animated figures and their respective Mathematica- codes, this book provides a complete and comprehensive text for students in physics, maths, chemistry and engineering needing an accessible introduction to quantum mechanics. Supplementary Mathematica codes available within Book Information
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1167-0 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1839-6
Vinod Kumar Khanna • March 2017
Electronic devices and circuits are employed by a range of industries in testing conditions from extremes of high- or low-temperature...
Vinod Kumar Khanna
Electronic devices and circuits are employed by a range of industries in testing conditions from extremes of high- or low-temperature, in chemically corrosive environments, subject to shock and vibration or exposure to radiation. This book describes the diverse measures necessary to make electronics capable of coping with such situations as well as to gainfully exploit any new phenomena that take place only under these conditions.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1155-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1961-4
Andy Rowlands • April 2017
This book provides an overview of the detailed physics involved in the imaging chain for an audience of scientists and engineers...
This book provides an overview of the detailed physics involved in the imaging chain for an audience of scientists and engineers. With the increasing use of digital photography in a research environment, modern scientists and engineers need to better understand the science behind digital photography to fully exploit this invaluable research tool.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1242-4 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1963-8
Patrick Horton... • September 2017
Design and Shielding of Radiotherapy Treatment Facilities provides readers with a single point of reference for protection advice...
Design and Shielding of Radiotherapy Treatment Facilities provides readers with a single point of reference for protection advice to the construction and modification of radiotherapy facilities. The book assembles a faculty of national and international experts on all modalities including megavoltage and kilovoltage photons, brachytherapy and high-energy particles, and on conventional and Monte Carlo shielding calculations. This book is a comprehensive reference for qualified experts and radiation-shielding designers in radiation physics and also useful to anyone involved in the design of radiotherapy facilities. Part of Series in Physics and Engineering in Medicine and Biology.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1440-4 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1860-0
Badis Ydri • July 2017
This book is a rigorous text for students in physics and mathematics requiring an introduction to the implications and interpretation..
This book is a rigorous text for students in physics and mathematics requiring an introduction to the implications and interpretation of general relativity in areas of cosmology. Readers of this text will be well prepared to follow the theoretical developments in the field and undertake research projects as part of an MSc or PhD programme. This ebook contains interactive QnA technology, allowing the reader to interact with the text and reveal answers to selected exercises posed by the author within the book. This feature may not function in all formats and on reading devices.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1478-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1892-1
Wilfred Ngwa and Paul Nguyen • August 2017
The material presented in this book is at the cutting-edge of global oncology and provides highly illuminating examples...
Wilfred Ngwa and Paul Nguyen
The material presented in this book is at the cutting-edge of global oncology and provides highly illuminating examples, addresses frequently asked questions, and provides information and a reference for future work in global oncology care, research, education, and outreach.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1359-9 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1898-3
Rishikesh Kulkarni... • September 2017
A review of the tools and methods of multicomponent fringe analysis and interferometric data, including...
A review of the tools and methods of multicomponent fringe analysis and interferometric data, including a wide range of digital signal-processing-based interferometric data-processing techniques.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1469-5 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1887-7
W R Matson • June 2016
This book is an introduction to wave dynamics as they apply to earthquakes, among the scariest...
W R Matson
This book is an introduction to wave dynamics as they apply to earthquakes, among the scariest, most unpredictable, and deadliest natural phenomena on Earth. Since studying seismic activity is essentially a study of wave dynamics, this text starts with a discussion of types and representations, including wave-generation mechanics, superposition, and spectral analysis. Simple harmonic motion is used to analyze the mechanisms of wave propagation, and driven and damped systems are used to model the decay rates of various modal frequencies in different media. Direct correlation to earthquakes in California, Mexico, and Japan is used to illustrate key issues, and actual data from an event in California is presented and analyzed. Our Earth is a dynamic and changing planet, and seismic activity is the result. Hundreds of waves at different frequencies, modes, and amplitudes travel through a variety of different media, from solid rock to molten metals. Each media responds differently to each mode; consequently the result is an enormously complicated dynamic behavior. Earthquakes should serve well as a complimentary text for an upper-school course covering waves and wave mechanics, including sound and acoustics and basic geology. The mathematical requirement includes trigonometry and series summations, which should be accessible to most upper-school and college students. Animation, sound files, and videos help illustrate major topics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4329-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4767-5
Shaw-Wei D Tsen... • June 2016
Pathogens such as viruses and bacteria are among the greatest threats to human health worldwide. In today's era of population...
Shaw-Wei D Tsen...
Pathogens such as viruses and bacteria are among the greatest threats to human health worldwide. In today's era of population growth and international travel, new technologies are desperately needed to combat the spread of known and emerging pathogens. This book presents a new concept for pathogen inactivation called selective photonic disinfection (SEPHODIS). The SEPHODIS technology inactivates pathogens by mechanical means, a total paradigm shift from traditional chemical and physical methods. The unique strength of SEPHODIS resides in its capability to inactivate pathogens while preserving desirable materials such as human cells and proteins. The technology also avoids the need to use chemicals, drastically reducing the risk of side effects. These properties make SEPHODIS ideal for important biomedical applications such as safeguarding blood products and therapeutics against pathogens, as well as producing effective and safe vaccines to combat infectious disease. Written in a style that is both technically informative and easy to comprehend for the layman reader, this book illustrates the story of SEPHODIS from its initial discovery and bench studies to its real-world applications.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4353-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4841-2
Jan-Erik Rubensson • July 2016
Synchrotron radiation is the name given to the radiation which occurs when charged particles...
Synchrotron radiation is the name given to the radiation which occurs when charged particles are accelerated in a curved path or orbit. Classically, any charged particle which moves in a curved path or is accelerated in a straight-line path will emit electromagnetic radiation. Various names are given to this radiation in different contexts. Thus circular particle accelerators are called synchrotrons, this is where charged particles are accelerated to very high speeds and the radiation is referred to as synchrotron radiation. Suitable for a summer short course or one term lecture series this text introduces the subject, starting with some historical background then covering basic concepts such as flux, intensity, brilliance, emittance and Liouville's theorem. The book then covers the properties of synchrotron radiation, insertion devices, beamlines and monochromators before finishing with an introduction to free electron lasers and an overview of the most common techniques and applications of this technology.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4115-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4855-9
Indubala I Satija • August 2016
"Butterfly in the Quantum World" by Indu Satija, with contributions by Douglas Hofstadter, is the first book...
Indubala I Satija
"Butterfly in the Quantum World" by Indu Satija, with contributions by Douglas Hofstadter, is the first book ever to tell the story of the "Hofstadter butterfly", a beautiful and fascinating graph lying at the heart of the quantum theory of matter. The butterfly came out of a simple-sounding question: What happens if you immerse a crystal in a magnetic field? What energies can the electrons take on? From 1930 onwards, physicists struggled to answer this question, until 1974, when graduate student Douglas Hofstadter discovered that the answer was a graph consisting of nothing but copies of itself nested down infinitely many times. This wild mathematical object caught the physics world totally by surprise, and it continues to mesmerize physicists and mathematicians today. The butterfly plot is intimately related to many other important phenomena in number theory and physics, including Apollonian gaskets, the Foucault pendulum, quasicrystals, the quantum Hall effect, and many more. Its story reflects the magic, the mystery, and the simplicity of the laws of nature, and Indu Satija, in a wonderfully personal style, relates this story, enriching it with a vast number of lively historical anecdotes, many photographs, beautiful visual images, and even poems, making her book a great feast, for the eyes, for the mind and for the soul.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4117-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4750-7
Andrea Albert • August 2016
"Searching for Dark Matter with Cosmic Gamma Rays" summarizes the evidence for dark matter and what we...
"Searching for Dark Matter with Cosmic Gamma Rays" summarizes the evidence for dark matter and what we can learn about its particle nature using cosmic gamma rays. It has almost been 100 years since Fritz Zwicky first detected hints that most of the matter in the Universe that doesn't directly emit or reflect light. Since then, the observational evidence for dark matter has continued to grow. Dark matter may be a new kind of particle that is governed by physics beyond our Standard Model of particle physics. In many models, dark matter annihilation or decay produces gamma rays. There are a variety of instruments observing the gamma-ray sky from tens of MeV to hundreds of TeV. Some make deep, focused observations of small regions, while others provide coverage of the entire sky. Each experiment offers complementary sensitivity to dark matter searches in a variety of target sizes, locations, and dark matter mass scales. We review results from recent gamma-ray experiments including anomalies some have attributed to dark matter. We also discuss how our gamma-ray observations complement other dark matter searches and the prospects for future experiments.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4269-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4839-9
Henk Huinink • September 2016
This book introduces the reader into the field of the physics of processes occurring in porous media...
This book introduces the reader into the field of the physics of processes occurring in porous media. It targets Master and PhD students who need to gain fundamental understanding the impact of confinement on transport and phase change processes. The book gives brief overviews of topics like thermodynamics, capillarity and fluid mechanics in order to launch the reader smoothly into the realm of porous media. In-depth discussions are given of phase change phenomena in porous media, single phase flow, unsaturated flow and multiphase flow. In order to make the topics concrete the book contains numerous example calculations. Further, as much experimental data as possible is plugged in to give the reader the ability to quantify phenomena.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4297-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4780-4
James R Webb • September 2016
This book is intended to be a course about the creation and evolution of the universe at large, including...
James R Webb
This book is intended to be a course about the creation and evolution of the universe at large, including the basic macroscopic building blocks (galaxies) and the overall large-scale structure. This text covers a broad range of topics for a graduate-level class in a physics department where students' available credit hours for astrophysics classes are limited. The sections cover galactic structure, external galaxies, galaxy clustering, active galaxies, general relativity and cosmology.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4409-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4779-8
A F J Levi • September 2016
Continued advances in the precision manufacturing of new structures at the nanometer scale have...
A F J Levi
Continued advances in the precision manufacturing of new structures at the nanometer scale have provided unique opportunities for device physics. This book sets out to summarize those elements of classical mechanics most applicable for scientists and engineers studying device physics. Supplementary MATLAB- materials are available for all figures generated numerically.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4413-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4774-3
Raj Nair and... • October 2016
'Light' from low level laser therapy, through a process called photobiomodulation (PBM), has been...
Raj Nair and...
'Light' from low level laser therapy, through a process called photobiomodulation (PBM), has been in existence in supportive care in cancer, in particular in the management of oral mucositis (OM) in patients undergoing chemotherapy, radiation therapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In this book the authors attempt to portray the current status of the supportive care interventions that are possible with PBM using low level laser therapy (LLLT) in patients undergoing cancer treatment for solid tumours, harmatological malignancies, and head and neck cancers.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4075-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4805-4
Richard Ansorge and... • October 2016
Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a very important clinical imaging tool. It combines different fields...
Richard Ansorge and...
Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a very important clinical imaging tool. It combines different fields of physics and engineering in a uniquely complex way. MRI is also surprisingly versatile, 'pulse sequences' can be designed to yield many different types of contrast. This versatility is unique to MRI. This short book gives both an in depth account of the methods used for the operation and construction of modern MRI systems and also the principles of sequence design and many examples of applications. An important additional feature of this book is the detailed discussion of the mathematical principles used in building optimal MRI systems and for sequence design. The mathematical discussion is very suitable for undergraduates attending medical physics courses. It is also more complete than usually found in alternative books for physical scientists or more clinically orientated works.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4068-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4863-4
Maria Fyta • October 2016
Computational Approaches in Physics reviews computational schemes which are used in the simulations...
Computational Approaches in Physics reviews computational schemes which are used in the simulations of physical systems. These range from very accurate ab initio techniques up to coarse-grained and mesoscopic schemes. The choice of the method is based on the desired accuracy and computational efficiency. A bottom-up approach is used to present the various simulation methods used in Physics, starting from the lower level and the most accurate methods, up to particle-based ones. The book outlines the basic theory underlying each technique and its complexity, addresses the computational implications and issues in the implementation, as well as present representative examples. A link to the most common computational codes, commercial or open source is listed in each chapter. The strengths and deficiencies of the variety of techniques discussed in this book are presented in detail and visualization tools commonly used to make the simulation data more comprehensive are also discussed. In the end, specific techniques are used as bridges across different disciplines. To this end, examples of different systems tackled with the same methods are presented. The appendices include elements of physical theory which are prerequisites in understanding the simulation methods.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4417-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4755-2
Jeffrey H Williams • October 2016
Measurements and experiments are made each and every day, in fields as disparate as particle physics...
Measurements and experiments are made each and every day, in fields as disparate as particle physics, chemistry, economics and medicine, but have you ever wondered why it is that a particular experiment has been designed to be the way it is. Indeed, how do you design an experiment to measure something whose value is unknown, and what should your considerations be on deciding whether an experiment has yielded the sought after, or indeed any useful result? These are old questions, and they are the reason behind this volume. We will explore the origins of the methods of data analysis that are today routinely applied to all measurements, but which were unknown before the mid-19th Century. Anyone who is interested in the relationship between the precision and accuracy of measurements will find this volume useful. Whether you are a physicist, a chemist, a social scientist, or a student studying one of these subjects, you will discover that the basis of measurement is the struggle to identify the needle of useful data hidden in the haystack of obscuring background noise.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4433-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4830-6
Joshua F Whitney... • October 2016
This is a companion textbook for an introductory course in physics. It aims to link the theories...
Joshua F Whitney...
This is a companion textbook for an introductory course in physics. It aims to link the theories and models that students learn in class with practical problem-solving techniques. In other words, it should address the common complaint that 'I understand the concepts but I can't do the homework or tests'. The fundamentals of introductory physics courses are addressed in simple and concise terms, with emphasis on how the fundamental concepts and equations should be used to solve physics problems.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4281-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4728-6
T J Bensky • October 2016
This book shows how the web-based PhysGL programming environment (http://physgl.org) can be used to...
T J Bensky
This book shows how the web-based PhysGL programming environment (http://physgl.org) can be used to teach and learn elementary mechanics (physics) using simple coding exercises. The book's theme is that the lessons encountered in such a course can be used to generate physics-based animations, providing students with compelling and self-made visuals to aid their learning. Topics presented are parallel to those found in a traditional physics text, making for straightforward integration into a typical lecture-based physics course. Users will appreciate the ease at which compelling OpenGL-based graphics and animations can be produced using PhysGL, as well as its clean, simple language constructs. The author argues that coding should be a standard part of lower-division STEM courses, and provides many anecdotal experiences and observations, that include observed benefits of the coding work.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4425-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4427-8
David S Simon • November 2016
From science fiction death rays to supermarket scanners, lasers have become deeply embedded...
David S Simon
From science fiction death rays to supermarket scanners, lasers have become deeply embedded in our daily lives and our culture. But in recent decades the standard laser beam has evolved into an array of more specialized light beams with a variety of strange and counterintuitive properties. Some of them have the ability to reconstruct themselves after disruption by an obstacle, while others can bend in complicated shapes or rotate like a corkscrew. These unusual optical effects open new and exciting possibilities for science and technology. For example, they make possible microscopic tractor beams that pull objects toward the source of the light, and they allow the trapping and manipulation of individual molecules to construct specially-tailored nanostructures for engineering or medical use. It has even been found that beams of light can produce lines of darkness that can be tied in knots. This book is an introductory survey of these specialized light beams and their scientific applications, at a level suitable for undergraduates with a basic knowledge of optics and quantum mechanics. It provides a unified treatment of the subject, collecting together in textbook form for the first time many topics currently found only in the original research literature.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4437-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4436-0
Carolina C Ilie... • November 2016
Electromagnetism: Problems and solutions is an ideal companion book for the undergraduate...
Carolina C Ilie...
Electromagnetism: Problems and solutions is an ideal companion book for the undergraduate student-sophomore, junior, or senior-who may want to work on more problems and receive immediate feedback while studying. Each chapter contains brief theoretical notes followed by the problem text with the solution and ends with a brief bibliography. Also presented are problems more general in nature, which may be a bit more challenging.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4429-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4428-5
Graham Albert White • November 2016
This is an in-depth look at baryon number violation in the Standard Model including the necessary...
Graham Albert White
This is an in-depth look at baryon number violation in the Standard Model including the necessary background in finite temperature field theory, plasma dynamics and how to calculate the out of equilibrium evolution of particle number densities throughout a phase transition. It is a self-contained pedagogical review of the theoretical background to electroweak baryogenesis as well as a summary of the other prevailing mechanisms for producing the asymmetry between matter and antimatter using the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model as a pedagogical tool whenever appropriate.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4457-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4456-8
Didier Felbacq • November 2016
This book provides a set of theoretical and numerical tools useful for the study of wave propagation...
This book provides a set of theoretical and numerical tools useful for the study of wave propagation in metamaterials and photonic crystals. While concentrating on electromagnetic waves, most of the material can be used for acoustic (or quantum) waves. For each presented numerical method, numerical code written in MATLAB- is presented. The codes are limited to 2D problems and can be easily translated in Python or Scilab, and used directly with Octave as well.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4301-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4300-4
Bernard V Liengme • November 2016
This book is both an introduction and a demonstration of how Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) can greatly...
This book is both an introduction and a demonstration of how Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) can greatly enhance Microsoft Excel- by giving users the ability to create their own functions within a worksheet and to create subroutines to perform repetitive actions. The book is written so readers are encouraged to experiment with VBA programming with examples using fairly simple physics or non-complicated mathematics such as root finding and numerical integration. Tested Excel- workbooks are available for each chapter and there is nothing to buy or install. A tested Excel workbook for each chapter can be downloaded from Book information
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4461-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4460-5
Tao Pang • December 2016
Monte Carlo methods have been very prominent in computer simulation of various systems in physics, chemistry...
Monte Carlo methods have been very prominent in computer simulation of various systems in physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science. This book focuses on the discussion and path-integral quantum Monte Carlo methods in many-body physics and provides a concise but complete introduction to the Metropolis algorithm and its applications in these two techniques. To explore the schemes in clarity, several quantum many-body systems are analysed and studied in detail. The book includes exercises to help digest the materials covered. It can be used as a tutorial to learn the discussion and path-integral Monte Carlo or a recipe for developing new research in the reader's own area. Two complete Java programs, one for the discussion Monte Carlo of 4He clusters on a graphite surface and the other for the path-integral Monte Carlo of cold atoms in a potential trap, are ready for download and adoption.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4109-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4045-4
Thomas Brennan • December 2016
Sonoluminescence is the transformation of sound into light. To most who know how to do sonoluminescence...
Sonoluminescence is the transformation of sound into light. To most who know how to do sonoluminescence, it's just a little glowing bubble levitating in a flask of water. But it holds some surprises that have been overlooked. This book looks to reform our scientific understanding of sonoluminescence and explore the practical applications as an energy source.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4365-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4364-6
Tennille D Presley • December 2016
Biophysics of the Senses connects fundamental properties of physics to biological systems, relating...
Tennille D Presley
Biophysics of the Senses connects fundamental properties of physics to biological systems, relating them directly to the human body. It includes discussions of the role of charges and free radicals in disease and homeostasis, how aspects of mechanics impact normal body functions, human bioelectricity and circuitry, forces within the body, and biophysical sensory mechanisms. This is an exciting view of how sensory aspects of biophysics are utilized in everyday life for students who are curious but struggle with the connection between biology and physics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4111-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4047-8
F Todd Baker • December 2016
He's back! 'The physicist'returns with an entirely new compilation of questions and answers from...
He's back! 'The physicist'returns with an entirely new compilation of questions and answers from his long-lived website where laypeople can ask questions about anything physics related. This book focuses on adjectives (practical, beautiful, surprising, cool, frivolous) instead of nouns like the first two books (atoms, photons, quanta, mechanics, relativity). The answers within 'Physics Is' are responses to people looking for answers to fascinating (and often uninformed) questions. It covers topics such as sports, electromagnetism, gravitational theory, special relativity, superheroes, videogames, and science fiction. These books are designed for laypeople and rely heavily on concepts rather than formalism. That said, they keep the physics correct and don't water down, so expert physicists will find this book and its two companion titles fun reads. They may actually recognize similar questions posed to them by friends and family. As with the first two books, 'Physics Is' ends with a chapter with questions from people who think that 'The physicist' is a psychic and from people who think they have the answers to life, the universe and everything.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4445-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4444-5
Jian Liu and Jiubin Tan • December 2016
The confocal microscope is appropriate for imaging cells or the measurement of industrial artefacts...
Jian Liu and Jiubin Tan
The confocal microscope is appropriate for imaging cells or the measurement of industrial artefacts. However, junior researchers and instrument users sometimes misuse imaging concepts and metrological characteristics, such as position resolution in industrial metrology and scale resolution in bio-imaging. And, metrological characteristics or influence factors in 3D measurement such as height assessment error caused by 3D coupling effect are so far not yet identified. In this book, the authors outline their practices by the working experiences on standardization and system design. This book assumes little previous knowledge of optics, but rich experience in engineering of industrial measurements, in particular with profile metrology or areal surface topography will be very helpful to understand the theoretical concerns and value of the technological advances. It should be useful for graduate students or researchers as extended reading material, as well as microscope users alongside their handbook.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4337-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4336-3
David L Andrews... • December 2016
This book provides a broad introductory survey of this remarkable field, aiming to establish and clearly...
David L Andrews...
This book provides a broad introductory survey of this remarkable field, aiming to establish and clearly differentiate its physical principles, and also to provide a snapshot portrait of many of the most prominent current applications. Primary emphasis is placed on developing an understanding of the fundamental photonic origin behind the mechanism that operates in each type of effect. To this end, the first few chapters introduce and develop core theory, focusing on the physical significance and source of the most salient parameters, and revealing the detailed interplay between the key material and optical properties. Where appropriate, both classical and photonic (quantum mechanical) representations are discussed. The number of equations is purposely kept to a minimum, and only a broad background in optical physics is assumed. With copious examples and illustrations, each of the subsequent chapters then sets out to explain and exhibit the main features and uses of the various distinct types of mechanism that can be involved in optical nanomanipulation, including some of the very latest developments. To complete the scene, we also briefly discuss applications to larger, biological particles. Overall, this book aims to deliver to the non-specialist an amenable introduction to the technically more advanced literature on individual manipulation methods. Full references to the original research papers are given throughout, and an up-to-date bibliography is provided for each chapter, which directs the reader to other selected, more specialised sources.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4465-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4464-3
Robert Hickling • December 2016
Sound-Power Flow: A practitioner's handbook for sound intensity is a guide for practitioners and...
Sound-Power Flow: A practitioner's handbook for sound intensity is a guide for practitioners and research scientists in different areas of acoustical science. There are three fundamental quantities in acoustics: sound pressure, sound particle velocity, and sound intensity. This book is about sound intensity and demonstrates the advantages and uses of acoustical sensing compared with other forms of sensing. It describes applications such as: measuring total sound power; directional hearing of humans and mammals; echolocation; measuring sound-power flow in ducts; and uses of non-contact, focused, high-frequency, pulse-echo ultrasonic probes. This book presents computational approaches using standard mathematics, and relates these to the measurement of sound-power flow in air and water. It also uses linear units rather than logarithmic units - this making computation in acoustics simpler and more accessible to advanced mathematics and computing. The book is based on work by the author and his associates at General Motors, the University of Mississippi, and Sonometrics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4453-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4452-0
Cindy Schwarz • December 2016
A Tour of the Subatomic Zoo: A guide to particle physics is a brief and ambitious expedition...
A Tour of the Subatomic Zoo: A guide to particle physics is a brief and ambitious expedition into the remarkably simple ingredients of all the wonders of nature. With hardly a mathematical formula, Professor Cindy Schwarz clearly explains the language and much of the substance of elementary particle physics for the 99% of students who do not aspire to a career in physics. Views of matter from the atom to the quark are discussed in a form that an interested person with no physics background can easily understand. College and university courses can be developed around this book and it can be used alone or in conjunction with other material. Even college physics majors would enjoy reading this book as an introduction to particle physics. High-school, and even middle-school, teachers could also use this book to introduce this material to their students. It will also be beneficial for high-school teachers who have not been formally exposed to high-energy physics, have forgotten what they once knew, or are no longer up to date with recent developments.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4421-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4422-3
Ricardo A Depine • December 2016
This book is a rigorous but concise macroscopic description of the interaction between...
Ricardo A Depine
This book is a rigorous but concise macroscopic description of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and structures containing graphene sheets (two-dimensional structures). It presents canonical problems with translational invariant geometries, in which the solution of the original vectorial problem can be reduced to the treatment of two scalar problems, corresponding to two basic polarization modes. The book includes computational problems and makes use of the Python programming language to make numerical calculations accessible to any science student. Many figures within are accompanied by Python scripts.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4309-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4308-0
David Ritz Finkelstein • December 2016
Few artworks have been the subject of more extensive modern interpretation than...
David Ritz Finkelstein
Few artworks have been the subject of more extensive modern interpretation than Melencolia I by renowned artist, mathematician, and scientist Albrecht D-rer (1514). And yet, did each of these art experts and historians miss a secret manifesto that D-rer included within the engraving? This is the first work to decrypt secrets within Melencolia I based not on guesswork, but D-rer's own writings, other subliminal artists that inspired him (i.e., Leonardo da Vinci), the Jewish and Christian Bibles, and books that inspired D-rer (De Occulta Philosophia and the Hieorglyphica). To read the covert message of Melencolia I is to understand that D-rer was a humanist in his interests in mathematics, science, poetry, and antiquity. This book recognizes his unparalleled power with the burin, his mathematical skill in perspective, his dedication to precise language, and his acute observation of nature. Melencolia I may also be one of the most controversial (and at the time most criminal) pieces of art as it hid D-rer's disdain for the hierarchy of the Catholic Church, the Kaiser, and the Holy Roman Empire from the general public for centuries. This book closely ties the origins of philosophy (science) and the work of a Renaissance master together, and will be of interest for anyone who loves scientific history, art interpretation, and secret manifestos.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4090-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4026-3
Joseph W Connolly • December 2016
The bicycle is a common, yet unique mechanical contraption in our world. In spite...
Joseph W Connolly
The bicycle is a common, yet unique mechanical contraption in our world. In spite of this, the bike's physical and mechanical principles are understood by a select few. You do not have to be a genius to join this small group of people who understand the physics of cycling. This is your guide to fundamental principles (such as Newton's laws) and the book provides intuitive, basic explanations for the bicycle's behaviour. Each concept is introduced and illustrated with simple, everyday examples. Although cycling is viewed by most as a fun activity, and almost everyone acquires the basic skills at a young age, few understand the laws of nature that give magic to the ride. This is a closer look at some of these fun, exhilarating, and magical aspects of cycling. In the reading, you will also understand other physical principles such as motion, force, energy, power, heat, and temperature.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4441-4 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4440-7
Carlos I Calle • February 2017
The diverse planetary environments in the solar system react in somewhat different ways...
Carlos I Calle
The diverse planetary environments in the solar system react in somewhat different ways to the encompassing influence of the Sun. These different interactions define the electrostatic phenomena that take place on and near planetary surfaces. The desire to understand the electrostatic environments of planetary surfaces goes beyond scientific inquiry. These environments have enormous implications for both human and robotic exploration of the solar system. This book describes in some detail what is known about the electrostatic environment of the solar system from early and current experiments on Earth as well as what is being learned from the instrumentation on the space exploration missions (NASA, European Space Agency, and the Japanese Space Agency) of the last few decades. It begins with a brief review of the basic principles of electrostatics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4477-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4476-6
Sharon Ann Holgate • February 2017
This book is written for students and other interested readers as a look inside the diverse...
Sharon Ann Holgate
This book is written for students and other interested readers as a look inside the diverse range of applications for physics outside of the scientific research environment. This first volume covers several different areas of the arts and design ranging from stage lighting to sculpting. The author has interviewed experts in each area to explain how physics and technology impact their work. These are all useful examples of how physics encountered in taught courses relates to the real world.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4469-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4468-1
Gordon Kane • March 2017
This book attempts to explain why 'string theory' may provide the comprehensive underlying...
This book attempts to explain why 'string theory' may provide the comprehensive underlying theory that describes and explains our world. It is an enthusiastic view of how compactified string/M-theories (plus data that may be reachable) seem to have the possibilities of leading to a comprehensive underlying theory of particle physics and cosmology, perhaps soon. We are living in a hugely exciting era for science, one during which it may be possible to achieve a real and true understanding of our physical world.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4489-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4488-9
Alexander Merle • March 2017
This book is a new look at one of the hottest topics in contemporary science, Dark Matter...
This book is a new look at one of the hottest topics in contemporary science, Dark Matter. It is the pioneering text dedicated to sterile neutrinos as candidate particles for Dark Matter, challenging some of the standard assumptions which may be true for some Dark Matter candidates but not for all. So, this can be seen either as an introduction to a specialized topic or an out-of-the-box introduction to the field of Dark Matter in general. No matter if you are a theoretical particle physicist, an observational astronomer, or a ground-based experimentalist, no matter if you are a grad student or an active researcher, you can benefit from this text, for a simple reason: a non-standard candidate for Dark Matter can teach you a lot about what we truly know about our standard picture of how the Universe works.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4481-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4480-3
William A Schwalm • April 2017
This book provides an introduction to Lie theory for first-year graduate students and professional...
This book provides an introduction to Lie theory for first-year graduate students and professional physicists who may not have come across the theory in their studies. It is an overview of the theory of finite groups, a brief description of a manifold, and an informal development of the theory of one-parameter Lie groups. Interested readers should acquire a tool that is complete and that actually works to simplify or solve differential equations as well as moving them on to other topics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4449-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4448-3
Joshua Colwell • April 2017
In September 2017, the Cassini spacecraft will point itself toward the surface of Saturn and end...
In September 2017, the Cassini spacecraft will point itself toward the surface of Saturn and end its 13-year mission of solving many of the mysteries of the ringed planet's system with a crash. This book is a dramatic, beautifully illustrated journey of discovery through the Saturn system. Cassini's instruments have revealed never seen before details including the only extraterrestrial lakes known in the solar system and have provided unprecedented views of the rings. It is a non-technical book for everyone who loves astronomy.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4497-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4496-4
H Julian Goldsmid • April 2017
This book outlines the principles of thermoelectric generation and refrigeration from the discovery...
H Julian Goldsmid
This book outlines the principles of thermoelectric generation and refrigeration from the discovery of the Seebeck and Peltier effects in the 19th century through the introduction of semiconductor thermoelements in the mid-20th century to the more recent development of nanostructured materials. The conditions for favourable electronic properties are discussed. The methods for selecting materials with a low lattice thermal conductivity are outlined and the ways in which the scattering of phonons can be enhanced are described. The book is aimed at readers without specialised knowledge.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4641-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4640-1
A Lavakumar • April 2017
The progress of civilization can be, in part, attributed to our ability to employ metallurgy...
The progress of civilization can be, in part, attributed to our ability to employ metallurgy. This book is an introduction to multiple facets of physical metallurgy, materials science, and engineering. As all metals are crystalline in structure, attention is focussed on these structures, and how the formation of these crystals is responsible for certain aspects of the material's chemical and physical behaviour. The book also discusses the mechanical properties of metals, the theory of alloys, and physical metallurgy of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4473-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4472-8
Abigail Pillitteri • April 2017
Physics has always been a tricky subject for the general public. Millions are fascinated by...
Physics has always been a tricky subject for the general public. Millions are fascinated by the laws of the physical world, but there has been a lack of books written specifically for general readers. The Universe Untangled is for those who are curious; yet do not have an extensive mathematical background. It uses images, analogies and comprehensible language to cover popular topics of interest including the evolution of the Universe, fundamental forces, the nature of space and time, and the quest for knowing the unknown.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4513-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4512-1
David Elliott • April 2017
This book looks at the early history of nuclear power, at what happened next, and at its longer-term...
This book looks at the early history of nuclear power, at what happened next, and at its longer-term prospects. The main question is: can nuclear power overcome the problems that have emerged? It was once touted as the ultimate energy source, freeing mankind from reliance on dirty, expensive fossil energy. Sixty years on, nuclear only supplies around 11.5% of global energy and is being challenged by cheaper energy options. While the costs of renewable sources, like wind and solar, are falling rapidly, nuclear costs have remained stubbornly high. Its development has also been slowed by a range of other problems, including a spate of major accidents, security concerns and the as yet unresolved issue of what to do with the wastes that it produces. In response, a new generation of nuclear reactors is being developed, many of them actually revised versions of the ideas first looked at in the earlier phase. Will this new generation of reactors bring nuclear energy to the forefront of energy production in the future?
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4505-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4504-6
Richard Talman • May 2017
The electric dipole moment (EDM) challenge measures a non-zero proton EDM value and this...
The electric dipole moment (EDM) challenge measures a non-zero proton EDM value and this book suggests how the challenge can be met. Any measurably large proton EDM would violate the standard model. The method to be employed uses an intense beam of 'frozen spin' protons circulating for hour-long times in a storage ring 'trap'. The smallness of EDMs allows them to test existing theories, but also makes them hard to measure. Such EDM experiments are inexpensive, at least compared to building accelerators of ever-greater energy.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4509-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4508-4
B Cameron Reed • May 2017
The development of nuclear weapons by the Manhattan Project during World War II was one of...
B Cameron Reed
The development of nuclear weapons by the Manhattan Project during World War II was one of the most dramatic scientific/technological episodes in human history. This book, prepared by a recognized expert on the Manhattan Project, offers a concise survey of the essential physics concepts underlying fission weapons. The text describes the energetics and timescales of fast-neutron chain reactions, why only certain isotopes of uranium and plutonium are suitable for use in fission weapons, how critical mass and bomb yield can be estimated, how the efficiency of nuclear weapons can be enhanced, how the fissile forms of uranium and plutonium were obtained, some of the design details of the 'Little Boy' and 'Fat Man' bombs, and some of the thermal, shock, and radiation effects of nuclear weapons. Calculation exercises are provided, and a Bibliography lists authoritative print and online sources of information for readers who wish to pursue more detailed study of this fascinating topic.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4605-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4604-3
Kyle Forinash • May 2017
Physics and the Environment directly connects the physical world to environmental issues...
Physics and the Environment directly connects the physical world to environmental issues that the world is facing today and will face in the future. It shows how the first and second laws of thermodynamics limit the efficiencies of fossil-fuel energy conversions to less than 100%, while also discussing how clever technologies can enhance overall performance. It also extensively discusses renewable forms of energy, their physical constraints and how we must use science and engineering as tools to solve problems instead of opinion and politics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4493-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4492-6
Marc S Seigar • June 2017
How does it happen that billions of stars can cooperate to produce the beautiful spirals...
How does it happen that billions of stars can cooperate to produce the beautiful spirals that characterize so many galaxies, including ours? This book reviews the history behind the discovery of spiral galaxies and the problems faced when trying to explain the existence of spiral structure within them. In the book, subjects such as galaxy morphology and structure are addressed as well as several models for spiral structure. The evidence in favor or against these models is discussed. The book ends by discussing how spiral structure can be used as a proxy for other properties of spiral galaxies, such as their dark matter content and their central supermassive black hole masses, and why this is important.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4609-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4608-1
Scott Calvin • July 2017
In the 116 year history of the Nobel Prize in Physics, only two women have won the award...
In the 116 year history of the Nobel Prize in Physics, only two women have won the award; Marie Curie (1903) and Maria Mayer (1963). During the 60 years between those awards, several women did work of similar calibre. This book focuses on those women, providing biographies for each that discuss both how they made their discoveries and the gender-specific reception of those discoveries. It also discusses the Nobel process and how society and the scientific community's treatment of them were influenced by their gender.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4645-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4644-9
N M Ravindra... • August 2017
Optical properties, particularly in the infrared range of wavelengths, continue to be of enormous
N M Ravindra...
Optical properties, particularly in the infrared range of wavelengths, continue to be of enormous interest to both material scientists and device engineers. The need for the development of standards for data of optical properties in the infrared range of wavelengths is very timely considering the on-going transition of nano-technology from fundamental R and D to manufacturing. The recent progress in two-dimensional materials is an example of this evolution in materials science and engineering. Radiative properties play a critical role in the processing, process control and manufacturing of semiconductor materials, devices, circuits and systems. The design and implementation of real-time, non-contact process monitoring and control methods in manufacturing, such as multi-wavelength imaging pyrometry, spectroscopic ellipsometry and reflectometry, require the knowledge of the radiative properties of materials. The design and manufacturing of sensors, imagers, waveguides, filters, antireflection coatings and lenses, operating in the infrared range of wavelengths, requires a reliable database of the radiative properties of materials. This book reviews the optical properties of various semiconductors in the infrared range of wavelengths. Some fundamental and experimental studies of the radiative properties of semiconductors are presented. Previous studies, potential applications and future developments are outlined. In chapter 1, an introduction to the radiative properties is presented. A brief overview of the optical and thermal properties is presented in chapter 2. Examples of the instrumentation for the measurements of the radiative properties are described in chapter 3. In chapters 4-13, case studies of the radiative properties of several semiconductors are elucidated. The modeling and applications of these properties are explained in chapters 14 and 15, respectively. In chapter 16, examples of the global infrastructure for these measurements are illustrated.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4112-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4048-5
Charlie Ironside • August 2017
This book covers the technology of switching or modulating light in semiconductor optical waveguides. Currently a key function for optical communications systems is the conversion of data from an electrical signal to an optical signal for transmission in very low loss optical fibres and the converse process of optical to electrical conversion the O/E/O data conversion. It focuses on all-optical switching using second/third order optical nonlinearities in AIGaAs optical waveguides while covering a variety of device configurations including integrated nonlinear couplers and Mach-Zehnder interferometers.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4521-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4520-6
K Raleva... • August 2017
Accurate thermal modeling and the design of microelectronic devices and thin film...
Accurate thermal modeling and the design of microelectronic devices and thin film structures at the micro- and nanoscales poses a challenge to electrical engineers who are less familiar with the basic concepts and ideas in sub-continuum heat transport. This book aims to bridge that gap. Efficient heat removal methods are necessary to increase device performance and device reliability. The authors provide readers with a combination of nanoscale experimental techniques and accurate modeling methods that must be employed in order to determine a device's temperature profile.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4123-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4059-1
Claire Vallance • September 2017
The book is a short primer on chemical reaction rates based on a six-lecture first-year...
The book is a short primer on chemical reaction rates based on a six-lecture first-year undergraduate course taught by the author at the University of Oxford. The book explores the various factors that determine how fast or slowly a chemical reaction proceeds and describes a variety of experimental methods for measuring reaction rates. The link between the reaction rate and the sequence of steps that makes up the reaction mechanism is also investigated. Chemical reaction rates is a core topic in all undergraduate chemistry courses.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4664-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4667-8
Jeffrey H Williams • September 2017
There are more than 20 million chemicals in the literature, with new materials being...
There are more than 20 million chemicals in the literature, with new materials being synthesized each week. Most of these molecules are stable, and the 3-dimensional arrangement of the atoms in the molecules, in the various solids may be determined by routine x-ray crystallography. When this is done, it is found that this vast range of molecules, with varying sizes and shapes can be accommodated by only a handful of solid structures. This limited number of architectures for the packing of molecules of all shapes and sizes, to maximize attractive intermolecular forces and minimizing repulsive intermolecular forces, allows us to develop simple models of what holds the molecules together in the solid. In this volume we look at the origin of the molecular architecture of crystals; a topic that is becoming increasingly important and is often termed, crystal engineering. Such studies are a means of predicting crystal structures, and of designing crystals with particular properties by manipulating the structure and interaction of large molecules. That is, creating new crystal architectures with desired physical characteristics in which the molecules pack together in particular architectures; a subject of particular interest to the pharmaceutical industry.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4625-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4626-5
Giuseppe Dattoli... • September 2017
'Charged Beam Dynamics, Particle Accelerators and Free Electron Lasers' summarises different...
'Charged Beam Dynamics, Particle Accelerators and Free Electron Lasers' summarises different topics in the field of accelerators and of Free Electron Laser (FEL) devices. It explains how to design both an FEL device and the accelerator providing the driving beam. Covering both theoretical and experimental aspects, this book allows researchers to attempt a first design of an FEL device.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1239-4 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1240-0
Brian Diffey • October 2017
Sun Protection differentiates itself from other texts by adopting a risk-management approach...
Sun Protection differentiates itself from other texts by adopting a risk-management approach to determine whether, how, and in what circumstances, harm might be caused, and to explore the feasibility of various strategies in controlling exposure to solar UV radiation. This multi-disciplinary book covers topics from climatology through human exposure to sunlight, as well as biological and clinical effects of UV radiation to physical and chemical strategies for photoprotection.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1377-3 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1378-0
Kurt Wick • September 2017
Applied Digital Logic Exercises Using FPGAs is appropriate for anyone interested in digital...
Applied Digital Logic Exercises Using FPGAs is appropriate for anyone interested in digital logic who needs to learn how to implement it through detailed exercises with state-of-the-art digital design tools and components. The book exposes readers to combinational and sequential digital logic concepts and implements them with hands-on exercises using the Verilog Hardware Description Language (HDL) and a Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FGPA) teaching board.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4660-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4661-6
Ajit J Thakkar • September 2017
This book provides non-specialists with a basic understanding of the underlying concepts...
Ajit J Thakkar
This book provides non-specialists with a basic understanding of the underlying concepts of quantum chemistry. It is both a text for second- or third-year undergraduates and a reference for researchers who need a quick introduction or refresher. All chemists and many biochemists, materials scientists, engineers, and physicists routinely use spectroscopic measurements and electronic structure computations in their work. The emphasis of Quantum Chemistry on explaining ideas rather than enumerating facts or presenting procedural details makes this an excellent foundation text/reference.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4637-1 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4636-4
Davide Iannuzzi • October 2017
This book offers a concise analysis of the key ingredients that enable physicists...
This book offers a concise analysis of the key ingredients that enable physicists to successfully move their idea from university to market, bringing added value to their customers. It dives into a set of theories, models, and tools that play fundamental roles in technology transfer including topics often neglected by other books including trust, communication, and persuasion. It also explains how most of the topics discussed are applicable to careers in a broader sense.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4668-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4669-2
Brett Borden... • October 2017
Physics is expressed in the language of mathematics; it is deeply ingrained in how physics...
Physics is expressed in the language of mathematics; it is deeply ingrained in how physics is taught and how it's practiced. A study of the mathematics used in science is thus a sound intellectual investment for training as scientists and engineers. This first volume of two is centered on methods of solving partial differential equations and the special functions introduced. This text is based on a course offered at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) and while produced for NPS needs, it will serve other universities well.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4485-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4484-1
Mahdi Karimi... • October 2017
Recent important discoveries and developments in nanotechnology have had a remarkable...
Recent important discoveries and developments in nanotechnology have had a remarkable and ever-increasing impact on many industries, especially materials science, pharmaceuticals, and biotechnology. Within this book, the authors describe different features of carbon nanotubes, survey the properties of both the multi-walled and single-walled varieties, and cover their applications in drug and gene delivery.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4261-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4262-5
Hua-bai Li • October 2017
Tai Chi, a Chinese martial art developed based on the laws of nature, emphasises how...
Tai Chi, a Chinese martial art developed based on the laws of nature, emphasises how 'to conquer the unyielding with the yielding'. The recent observation of star formation shows that stars result from the interaction between gravity, turbulence and magnetic fields. This interaction again follows the nature rules that inspired Tai Chi. For example, if self-gravity is the force that dominates, the molecular cloud will collapse isotropically, which compresses magnetic field lines. The density of the yielding field lines increases until magnetic pressure reaches the critical value to support the cloud against the gravitational force in directions perpendicular to the field lines (Lorentz force). Then gravity gives way to Lorentz force, accumulating gas only along the field lines till the gas density achieves the critical value to again compress the field lines. The Tai Chi goes on in a self-similar way.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4293-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4262-5
Jim Al-Khalili • October 2017
While neutron halos were discovered 30 years ago, this is the first book written...
While neutron halos were discovered 30 years ago, this is the first book written on the subject of this exotic form of nuclei that typically contain many more neutrons than stable isotopes of those elements. It provides an introductory description of the halo and outlines the discovery and evidence for its existence. It also discusses different theoretical models of the halo's structure as well as models and techniques in reaction theory that have allowed us to study the halo. This is written at the graduate student (starting at PhD) level. The author of the book, Jim Al-Khalili, is a theoretician who published some of the key papers on the structure of the halo in the mid and late 90s and was the first to determine its true size. This monograph is based on review articles he has written on the mathematical models used to determine the halo structure and the reactions used to model that structure.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4581-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4580-0
A M Glazer • October 2017
This book introduces undergraduate and graduate students to a crystallographer's...
A M Glazer
This book introduces undergraduate and graduate students to a crystallographer's view of real and reciprocal space, a concept that has been of particular use by crystallographers to understand the patterns of spots when x-rays are diffracted by crystals. It then proceeds to develop the concept in a form suitable for physics applications; such as how solid-state physicists use reciprocal space to explain various solid-state properties such as thermal and electrical phenomena.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4621-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4620-3
Stephen J Hagen • October 2017
Physical biology is a fusion of biology and physics. This book narrows down the scope...
Stephen J Hagen
Physical biology is a fusion of biology and physics. This book narrows down the scope of physical biology by focusing on the microbial cell; exploring the physical phenomena of noise, feedback, and variability that arise in the cellular information-processing circuits used by bacteria. It looks at the microbe from a physics perspective, asking how the cell optimizes its function to live within the constraints of physics. It introduces a physical and information-based (as opposed to microbiological) perspective on communication and signalling between microbes.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4529-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4528-2
Charged Beam Dynamics, Particle Accelerators and Free Electron Lasers' summarises...
'Charged Beam Dynamics, Particle Accelerators and Free Electron Lasers' summarises different topics in the field of accelerators and of Free Electron Laser (FEL) devices. It explains how to design both an FEL device and the accelerator providing the driving beam. Covering both theoretical and experimental aspects, this book allows researchers to attempt a first design of an FEL device.
Minoru Fujimoto • November 2017
Solitons in Crystalline Processes is an introduction to the statistical...
Solitons in Crystalline Processes is an introduction to the statistical thermodynamics of phase transitions in crystallized solids. This book is written as an introductory treatise with respect to the soliton concept, from structural transitions where the crystal symmetry changes, to magnets and superconductors, describing the role of nonlinear excitations in detail.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1514-2 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1512-8
Jacopo Iannacci • November 2017
Commencing with a review of the characteristics of RF-MEMS in relation to 5G...
Commencing with a review of the characteristics of RF-MEMS in relation to 5G, the book proceeds to develop practical insight concerning the design and development of RF-MEMS including case studies of design concepts. Including multiphysics simulation and animated figures, the book will be essential reading for both academic and industrial researchers and engineers.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1545-6 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1543-2
Richard de Grijs • November 2017
Determination of one's longitude at sea has perplexed sailors for many centuries...
Richard de Grijs
Determination of one's longitude at sea has perplexed sailors for many centuries. The significant uptake of world trade in the 17th and 18th Centuries rendered the increasingly urgent need to solve the 'longitude problem', an issue of strategic national importance. Historical accounts of these efforts often focus almost exclusively on John Harrison's role in 18th-Century Britain. This book starts instead from Galileo Galilei's late-16th-Century development of an accurate pendulum clock, which was first achieved in practice in the mid-17th-Century by Christiaan Huygens in the Dutch Republic. It is primarily based on collections of letters that have not been combined into a single volume before. Extensive introductory chapters on the history of map making, the establishment of the world's reference meridian at Greenwich Observatory, and the rise of the scientific enterprise provide the appropriate context for non-expert readers to fully engage with the book's main subject matter.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1194-6 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1195-3
Malcolm Cooper... • November 2017
Units are the foundation for all measurement of the natural world...
Units are the foundation for all measurement of the natural world, and from which standard, our understanding develops. This book, stemming from a conference on the history of units organised by the editors, provides a detailed and discursive examination of the history of units within physics, in advance of the proposed redefinition of the SI base units at the General Conference on Weights and Measures in 2018. It features contributions from leading researchers in metrology and history.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1487-9 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1485-5
Richard Fitzpatrick • December 2017
'Theoretical Fluid Mechanics' has been written to aid physics students...
'Theoretical Fluid Mechanics' has been written to aid physics students who wish to pursue a course of self-study in fluid mechanics. It is a comprehensive, completely self-contained text with equations of fluid mechanics derived from first principles, and any required advanced mathematics is either fully explained in the text, or in an appendix. It is accompanied by about 180 exercises with completely worked out solutions. It also includes extensive sections on the application of fluid mechanics to topics of importance in astrophysics and geophysics. These topics include the equilibrium of rotating, self-gravitating, fluid masses; tidal bores; terrestrial ocean tides; and the Eddington solar model.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1554-8 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1552-4
Tristan Kershaw • December 2017
Between 1930 and 2030, the world's population will have flipped...
Between 1930 and 2030, the world's population will have flipped from 70% rural to 70% urban. While much has been written about the impacts of climate change and mitigation of its effects on individual buildings or infrastructure, this book is one of the first to focus on the resilience of whole cities. It covers a broad range of area-wide disaster-level impacts, including drought, heatwaves, flooding, storms and air quality, which many of our cities are ill-adapted to cope with, and unless we can increase the resilience of our urban areas then much of our current building stock may become uninhabitable.
Climate Resilience in Urban Environments provides a detailed overview of the risks for urban areas, including those risks to human health as well as to building integrity, the physical processes involved, and presents key information in which way the risks can be reduced and urban areas made more resilient.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1197-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1198-4
Wouter J Westerveld... • December 2017
'Silicon Photonics: Electromagnetic theory' is a concise introduction...
Wouter J Westerveld...
'Silicon Photonics: Electromagnetic theory' is a concise introduction to the fundamental theories of integrated optics that focuses on modern silicon photonic technology. It includes well-known general theories on properties of waveguides and couplers as well as new theories on high-index contrast waveguides, directional couplers, and micro-ring resonators. The book may be used as a first introduction to integrated optics, with only basic electrodynamics as prerequisite. It would fit well as lecture material in a short introduction course, as additional material in an extensive electrodynamics course, or as fundamental background material in a more applied course. The later chapters are of interest to experts in the field of integrated optics that want to learn the latest theories for high-index contrast waveguides such as silicon photonic waveguides.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1386-5 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1387-2
Dennis Grady • December 2017
'Physics of Shock and Impact' deals with the shock physics of solids...
'Physics of Shock and Impact' deals with the shock physics of solids with emphasis on impact applications that are brought about intense energy stimulations. Comprising of two volumes, this work covers physical, material, mechanical and thermodynamic fundamentals of shock physics. The various chapters also include a range of analytic solutions that address topics in the many applications involving shock physics. Volume 2, 'Materials and shock response', addresses equation of state in the shockwave and the response to shock of various material classes.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1257-8 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1258-5
Bleddyn Jones • December 2017
Practical Radiobiology for Proton Therapy Planning covers the...
Practical Radiobiology for Proton Therapy Planning covers the principles, advantages and potential pitfalls that occur in proton therapy, especially its radiobiological modelling applications. This book is intended to educate, inform and to stimulate further research questions. Additionally, it will help proton therapy centres when designing new treatments or when unintended errors or delays occur. The clear descriptions of useful equations for high LET particle beam applications, worked examples of many important clinical situations, and discussion of how proton therapy may be optimized are all important features of the text. This important book blends the relevant physics, biology and medical aspects of this multidisciplinary subject. Part of Series in Physics and Engineering in Medicine and Biology
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1338-4 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1339-1
Subhas Chandra... • December 2017
With the ability to monitor a vast range of physiological parameters...
With the ability to monitor a vast range of physiological parameters, combined with wireless technology, wireless sensor networks and the Internet of Things, wearable sensors are revolutionising the field of digital health monitoring. In addition to applications in health monitoring, such technology is being used to monitor the state of our living environment and even the quality of our foods and the wellbeing of livestock. Written for scientists, engineers and practitioners by an international collection of authors, this book reviews the fundamentals of wearable sensors, their function, design, fabrication and implementation. Their application and advanced aspects including interface electronics and signal processing for easy interpretation of data, data transmission, data networking, data security, and privacy are also included.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1505-0 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1503-6
Physics of Shock and Impact' deals with the shock physics of solids...
Physics of Shock and Impact' deals with the shock physics of solids with emphasis on impact applications that are brought about by intense energy stimulation. Comprising two volumes, this work covers physical, material, mechanical and thermodynamic fundamentals of shock physics. The various chapters also include a range of analytic solutions that address topics in the many applications involving shock physics. Volume 1, Fundamentals and dynamic failure, provides an introduction to the fundamentals of shockwave physics and progresses to the modes of shock failure through spall, fragmentation and shear localization.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1254-7 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1255-4
S C Chen • December 2017
This book addresses important advances in diverse quantization...
S C Chen
This book addresses important advances in diverse quantization phenomena. 'Theory of Magnetoelectric Properties of 2D Systems' develops the generalized tight-binding model in order to comprehend the rich quantization phenomena in 2D materials. The unusual effects, taken into consideration simultaneously, mainly come from the multi-orbital hybridization, the spin-orbital coupling, the intralayer and interlayer atomic interactions, the layer number, the stacking configuration, the site-energy difference, the magnetic field, and the electric field. The origins of the phenomena are discussed in depth, particularly focusing on graphene, tinene, phosphorene and MoS2, with a broader model also drawn. This model could be further used to investigate electronic properties of 1D and 3D condensed-matter systems, and this book will prove to be a valuable resource to researchers and graduate students working in 2D materials science.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1674-3 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1672-9
Konstantin K Likharev • December 2017
'Essential Advanced Physics' is a series comprising four parts...
Konstantin K Likharev
'Essential Advanced Physics' is a series comprising four parts: 'Classical Mechanics', 'Classical Electrodynamics', 'Quantum Mechanics' and 'Statistical Mechanics'. Each part consists of two volumes, Lecture Notes and Problems with Solutions, further supplemented by an additional collection of test problems and solutions available to qualifying university instructors. This volume, 'Classical Mechanics: Lecture Notes', is intended to be the basis for a one-semester graduate-level course on classical mechanics and dynamics, including the mechanics of continua, in particular deformations, elasticity, waves, and fluid dynamics.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1398-8 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1399-5
Stefan Wabnitz • December 2017
Experiments and theory have rapidly progressed on nonlinear optical...
Experiments and theory have rapidly progressed on nonlinear optical extreme waves, showing that guided wave nonlinear optics and fiber lasers provide a relatively simple, accessible and controllable test bed for the observations and accurate statistical studies of extreme wave phenomena that obey the same universal rules, which apply to a large ensemble of different physical systems. With introductory material to make the subject area accessible to non-specialists such as graduate and PhD students, and researchers working in other areas where extreme waves are relevant, this book features contributions by prominent scientists in this emerging field and is a comprehensive treatment of optical extreme wave research.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1460-2 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1458-9
Chiun-Yan Lin • December 2017
This book provides a synthesis of up to date research on the optical...
This book provides a synthesis of up to date research on the optical properties of graphene, drawing from both experimental and theoretical research. The focus is primarily on multilayer graphenes with a focus on Landau-level spectra and the generalised tight-binding model. The interplay between external fields and the geometric configuration determines relationships between the components of wave functions in different sublattices. This leads to observation that the optical properties display a strong dependence on the stacking configuration and the number of layers. In general, this model can reasonably comprehend the quantization effect in arbitrarily stacked graphenes as well as other layered 2D materials such as MoS2 and silicene. Comparisons between theoretical and experimental work are drawn, as are the different graphene synthesis methods.
Online ISBN: 978-0-7503-1566-1 Print ISBN: 978-0-7503-1564-7
Douglas Whittet • November 2017
'Origins of Life: A Cosmic Perspective' presents an overview of the...
'Origins of Life: A Cosmic Perspective' presents an overview of the concepts, methods, and theories of astrobiology and origins of life research while presenting a summary of the latest findings. The book provides insight into the environments and processes that gave birth to life on our planet, which naturally informs our assessment of the probability that has arisen (or will arise) elsewhere. In addition, the book encourages readers to go beyond basic concepts, to explore topics in greater depth, and to engage in lively discussions.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4676-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4677-7
Claire Vallance • November 2017
'An Introduction to the Gas Phase' is adapted from a set of...
'An Introduction to the Gas Phase' is adapted from a set of lecture notes for a core first year lecture course in physical chemistry taught at the University of Oxford. The book is intended to give a relatively concise introduction to the gas phase at a level suitable for any undergraduate scientist. After defining the gas phase, properties of gases such as temperature, pressure, and volume are discussed. The relationships between these properties are explained at a molecular level, and simple models are introduced that allow the various gas laws to be derived from first principles. Finally, the collisional behaviour of gases is used to explain a number of gas-phase phenomena, such as effusion, diffusion, and thermal conductivity.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4692-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4693-7
William Parkinson • December 2017
Like rocket science or brain surgery, quantum mechanics is pigeonholed...
Like rocket science or brain surgery, quantum mechanics is pigeonholed as a daunting and inaccessible topic, which is best left to an elite or peculiar few. This classification was not earned without some degree of merit. Depending on perspective; quantum mechanics is a discipline or philosophy, a convention or conundrum, an answer or question. Authors have run the gamut from hand waving to heavy handed in the hope to dispel the common beliefs about quantum mechanics, but perhaps they continue to promulgate the stigma. The focus of this particular effort is to give the reader an introduction, if not at least an appreciation, of the role that linear algebra techniques play in the practical application of quantum mechanical methods. It interlaces aspects of the classical and quantum picture, including a number of both worked and parallel applications. Students with no prior experience in quantum mechanics, motivated graduate students, or researchers in other areas attempting to gain some introduction to quantum theory will find particular interest in this book.
Part of Series on wave phenomena in the physical sciences
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4577-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4578-7
Carlo Nicola • December 2017
The stochastic gravitational-wave background (SGWB) is by far the most...
The stochastic gravitational-wave background (SGWB) is by far the most difficult source of gravitational radiation detect. At the same time, it is the most interesting and intriguing one. This book describes the initial detection of the SGWB and describes the underlying mathematics behind one of the most amazing discoveries of the 21st century. On the experimental side it would mean that interferometric gravitational wave detectors work even better than expected. On the observational side, such a detection could give us information about the very early Universe, information that could not be obtained otherwise. Even negative results and improved upper bounds could put constraints on many cosmological and particle physics models.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4082-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4018-8
N Evans and S F King • December 2017
This book and its sequel ('Theories of Matter Space and Time: Quantum Theories')...
N Evans and S F King
This book and its sequel ('Theories of Matter Space and Time: Quantum Theories') are taken from third and fourth year undergraduate Physics courses at Southampton University, UK. The aim of both books is to move beyond the initial courses in classical mechanics, special relativity, electromagnetism, and quantum theory to more sophisticated views of these subjects and their interdependence. The goal is to guide undergraduates through some of the trickier areas of theoretical physics with concise analysis while revealing the key elegance of each subject.
The first chapter introduces the key areas of the principle of least action, an alternative treatment of Newtownian dynamics, that provides new understanding of conservation laws. In particular, it shows how the formalism evolved from Fermat's principle of least time in optics. The second introduces special relativity leading quickly to the need and form of four-vectors. It develops four-vectors for all kinematic variables and generalize Newton's second law to the relativistic environment; then returns to the principle of least action for a free relativistic particle. The third chapter presents a review of the integral and differential forms of Maxwell's equations before massaging them to four-vector form so that the Lorentz boost properties of electric and magnetic fields are transparent. Again, it then returns to the action principle to formulate minimal substitution for an electrically charged particle.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4696-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4697-5
Alexander G Ramm • December 2017
'Creating Materials with a Desired Refraction Coefficient' provides a recipe...
Alexander G Ramm
'Creating Materials with a Desired Refraction Coefficient' provides a recipe for creating materials with a desired refraction coefficient, and the many-body wave scattering problem for many small impedance bodies is solved. The physical assumptions make the multiple scattering effects essential. On the basis of this theory, a recipe for creating materials with a desired refraction coefficient is given. Technological problems are formulated which, when solved, make the theory practically applicable. The Importance of a problem of producing a small particle with a desired boundary impedance is emphasized, and inverse scattering with non-over-determined scattering data is considered.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4708-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4709-5
Jonathan Braithwaite • December 2017
The book is an introduction to the subject of fluid mechanics, essential...
The book is an introduction to the subject of fluid mechanics, essential for students and researchers in many branches of science. It illustrates its fundamental principles with a variety of examples drawn mainly from astrophysics and geophysics as well as from everyday experience. Prior familiarity with basic thermodynamics and vector calculus is assumed.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4597-8 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4596-1
Sanichiro Yoshida • December 2017
Waves: Fundamentals and dynamics' discusses the various aspects of wave...
Waves: Fundamentals and dynamics' discusses the various aspects of wave dynamics from many different perspectives. The main topics include the fundamentals of oscillations and waves, the big picture of wave dynamics as a propagation of oscillation, the mathematical aspects of waves, the various properties of waves, and the propagation of waves along with some actual techniques. Each concept is broken down to be as easily digestible as possible in order to facilitate understanding of the underlying physics.
Part of Series on wave phenomena in the physical sciences
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4573-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4572-5
Panos Photinos • December 2017
Musical Sound, Instruments, and Equipment' offers a basic understanding...
'Musical Sound, Instruments, and Equipment' offers a basic understanding of sound, musical instruments and music equipment, geared towards a general audience and non-science majors. The book begins with an introduction of the fundamental properties of sound waves, and the perception of the characteristics of sound. The relation between intensity and loudness, and the relation between frequency and pitch are discussed. The basics of propagation of sound waves, and the interaction of sound waves with objects and structures of various sizes are introduced. Standing waves, harmonics and resonance are explained in simple terms, using graphics that provide a visual understanding.
The development is focused on musical instruments and acoustics. The construction of musical scales and the frequency relations are reviewed and applied in the description of musical instruments. The frequency spectrum of selected instruments is explored using freely available sound analysis software. Sound amplification and sound recording, including analog and digital approaches, are discussed in two separate chapters. The book concludes with a chapter on acoustics, the physical factors that affect the quality of the music experience, and practical ways to improve the acoustics at home or small recording studios. A brief technical section is provided at the end of each chapter, where the interested reader can find the relevant physics and sample calculations. These quantitative sections can be skipped without affecting the comprehension of the basic material. Questions are provided to test the reader's understanding of the material. Answers are given in the appendix.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4680-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4681-4
Wayne D Kimura • November 2017
Wayne D Kimura
This book reviews basic electromagnetic (EM) wave theory and applies it specifically to lasers to give the reader not only tangible examples of how the theory is manifested in real life, but also practical knowledge about lasers, and their operation and usage. The latter can be useful for those involved with using lasers. As a short treatise on this subject matter, this book is not intended to delve deeply into the details of EM waves nor lasers. A bibliography is provided for those who wish to explore in more depth the topics covered in this book. Rather, the aim of this book is to offer a quick overview, which will allow the reader to gain a competent general understanding of EM waves and lasers.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4613-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4612-8
Heidi Abrahamse... • November 2017
Janus, the ancient Roman god depicted with two faces is an appropriate...
Janus, the ancient Roman god depicted with two faces is an appropriate metaphor for light therapy. In the right photodynamic therapy conditions, light is able to kill nearly anything that is living such as cancers, microorganisms, parasites, and more. On the opposite face, light of the correct wavelength and proper dose (photobiomodulation) can heal, regenerate, protect, revitalize and restore any kind of dead, damaged, stressed, dying, degenerating cells, tissue, or organ system. This book discusses both sides of Janus' face in regards to light therapy.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4321-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4320-2
Andrea Montessori... • January 2018
Nature continuously presents a huge number of complex and multiscale...
Nature continuously presents a huge number of complex and multiscale phenomena, which in many cases, involve the presence of one or more fluids flowing, merging and evolving around us. Since the very first years of the third millennium, the Lattice Boltzmann method (LB) has seen an exponential growth of applications, especially in the fields connected with the simulation of complex and soft matter flows. LB, in fact, has shown a remarkable versatility in different fields of applications from nanoactive materials, free surface flows, and multiphase and reactive flows to the simulation of the processes inside engines and fluid machinery. In this book, the authors present the most recent advances of the application of the LB to complex flow phenomena of scientific and technical interest with focus on the multiscale modeling of heterogeneous catalysis within nano-porous media and multiphase, multicomponent flows.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4672-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4673-9
Vishal Kesari... • January 2018
Our aim in this book is to present a bird's-eye view of microwave tubes...
Our aim in this book is to present a bird's-eye view of microwave tubes (MWTs) which continue to be important despite competitive incursions from solid-state devices (SSDs). We have presented a broad and introductory survey which we hope the readers would be encouraged to read rather than going through lengthier books, and subsequently explore the field of MWTs further in selected areas of relevance to their respective interests. We hope that the present book would motivate newcomers to pursue research in MWTs and apprise them as well as decision makers of the salient features and prospects of as well as the trends of progress in MWTs. The scope of ever expanding applications of MWTs in the high power and high frequency regime will sustain and intensify the research and development in MWTs in coming years.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4561-9 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4560-2
Volume 2 of the book begins with chapter 6, in which we have taken up...
Volume 2 of the book begins with chapter 6, in which we have taken up conventional MWTs (such as TWTs, klystrons, including multi-cavity and multi-beam klystrons, klystron variants including reflex klystron, IOT, EIK, EIO and twystron, and crossed-field tubes, namely, magnetron, CFA and carcinotron). In chapter 7, we have taken up fast-wave tubes (such as gyrotron, gyro-BWO, gyro-klystron, gyro-TWT, CARM, SWCA, hybrid gyro-tubes and peniotron). In chapter 8, we discuss vacuum microelectronic tubes (such as klystrino module, THz gyrotron and clinotron BWO); plasma-assisted tubes (such as PWT, plasma-filled TWT, BWO, including PASOTRON, and gyrotron); and HPM (high power microwave) tubes (such as relativistic TWT, relativistic BWO, RELTRON (variant of relativistic klystron), relativistic magnetron, high power Cerenkov tubes including SWO, RDG or orotron, MWCG and MWDG, bremsstrahlung radiation type tube, namely, vircator, and M-type tube MILO). In Chapter 9, we provide handy information about the frequency and power ranges of common MWTs, although more such information is provided at relevant places in the rest of the book as and where necessary. Chapter 10 is an epilogue that sums up the authors' attempt to bring out the various aspects of the basics of and trends in high power MWTs.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4704-0 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4705-7
Alexey V Veryaskin • February 2018
Gradiometry is a multidisciplinary area that combines theoretical...
Alexey V Veryaskin
Gradiometry is a multidisciplinary area that combines theoretical and applied physics, ultra-low noise electronics, precision engineering, and advanced signal processing. Applications include the search for oil, gas, and mineral resources, GPS-free navigation, defence, space missions, and medical research. This book provides readers with a comprehensive introduction, history, potential applications, and current developments in relation to some of the most advanced technologies in the 21st Century.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4700-2 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4701-9
Joe Khachan • February 2018
The ancient Greeks believed that all matter was composed of four...
The ancient Greeks believed that all matter was composed of four elements: earth, water, air, and fire. By a remarkable coincidence (or perhaps not), today we know that there are four states of matter: solids (e.g. earth), liquids (e.g. water), gasses (e.g. air) and plasma (e.g. ionized gas produced by fire). The plasma state is beyond the scope of this book and we will only look at the first three states. Although on the microscopic level all matter is made from atoms or molecules, everyday experience tells us that the three states have very different properties. The aim of this book is to examine some of these properties and the underlying physics.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4585-5 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4584-8
Mark S Swanson • February 2018
Assuming a background in basic classical physics, multivariable calculus...
Assuming a background in basic classical physics, multivariable calculus, and diï¬erential equations, A Concise Introduction to Quantum Mechanics provides a self-contained presentation of the mathematics and physics of quantum mechanics. The relevant aspects of classical mechanics and electrodynamics are reviewed, and the basic concepts of wave-particle duality are developed as a logical outgrowth of experiments involving blackbody radiation, the photoelectric effect, and electron diffraction. The Copenhagen interpretation of the wave function and its relation to the particle probability density is presented in conjunction with Fourier analysis and its generalization to function spaces. These concepts are combined to analyze the system consisting of a particle confined to a box, developing the probabilistic interpretation of observations and their associated expectation values. The SchrÃ¶dinger equation is then derived by using these results and demanding both Galilean invariance of the probability density and Newtonian energy-momentum relations. The general properties of the SchrÃ¶dinger equation and its solutions are analyzed, and the theory of observables is developed along with the associated Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Basic applications of wave mechanics are made to free wave packet spreading, barrier penetration, the simple harmonic oscillator, the Hydrogen atom, and an electric charge in a uniform magnetic field. In addition, Dirac notation, elements of Hilbert space theory, operator techniques, and matrix algebra are presented and used to analyze coherent states, the linear potential, two state oscillations, and electron diï¬raction. Applications are made to photon and electron spin and the addition of angular momentum, and direct product multiparticle states are used to formulate both the Pauli exclusion principle and quantum decoherence. The book concludes with an introduction to the rotation group and the general properties of angular momentum.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4716-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4717-0
Igor I Smolyaninov • February 2018
Hyperbolic metamaterials were originally introduced to overcome...
Igor I Smolyaninov
Hyperbolic metamaterials were originally introduced to overcome the diffraction limit of optical imaging. Soon thereafter it was realized that hyperbolic metamaterials demonstrate a number of novel phenomena resulting from the broadband singular behavior of their density of photonic states. These novel phenomena and applications include super resolution imaging, new stealth technologies, enhanced quantum-electrodynamic effects, thermal hyperconductivity, superconductivity, and interesting gravitation theory analogs. Here I review typical material systems, which exhibit hyperbolic behavior and outline important new applications of hyperbolic metamaterials, such as imaging experiments with plasmonic hyperbolic metamaterials and novel VCSEL geometries, in which the Bragg mirrors may be engineered in such a way that they exhibit hyperbolic properties in the long wavelength infrared range, so that they may be used to efficiently remove excess heat from the laser cavity. I will also discuss potential applications of self-assembled photonic hypercrystals. This system bypasses 3D nanofabrication issues, which typically limit hyperbolic metamaterial applications. Photonic hypercrystals combine the most interesting features of hyperbolic metamaterials and photonic crystals. Part of Series on Electromagnetics and Metamaterials
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4565-7 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4564-0
Michael J W Hall • March 2018
General Relativity: An Introduction to Black Holes, Gravitational...
Michael J W Hall
General Relativity: An Introduction to Black Holes, Gravitational Waves, and Cosmology provides readers with a solid understanding of the underlying physical concepts of general relativity. It also shows how they may derive important applications of the theory and is a solid grounding for those wishing to pursue further study. This thorough primer is based on class-tested undergraduate lectures from Griffith University, Brisbane. It develops the basic elements of general relativity with applications to the gravitational deflection of light, GPS, black holes, gravitational waves, and cosmology.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4885-6 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4882-5
Anirudh Singh • March 2018
This book provides a clear and factual picture of the status of renewable energy and its capabilities today. The book covers all areas of renewable energy, starting from biomass energy and hydropower and proceeding to wind, solar and geothermal energy before ending with an overview of ocean energy. The book also explores how the technologies are being implemented today and takes a look at the future of renewable energy.
Online ISBN: 978-1-6817-4901-3 Print ISBN: 978-1-6817-4898-6